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Table 4 CAD-EOLD range during the last week of life: 1 (worst) to 3 (best) mean (SD) (n = 221)

From: End of life care for long-term care residents with dementia, chronic illness and cancer: prospective staff survey

  Mean Score Range Cancer n = 40 Dementia n = 104 Cancer + Dementia n = 11 Chronic Disease n = 65
Discomfort 2.1 (.6) 1–3 2.0(.5) 2.3(.6) 2.0(.7) 2.0(.6)
Pain 2.24(.6) 1–3 2.0(.6) 2.3(.6) 2.0(.7) 2.1(.6)
Restlessness 2.2 (.7) 1–3 2.1(.7) 2.3(.7) 2.0(.8) 2.3(.7)
Shortness of breath 2.3 (.7) 1–3 2.2(.7) 2.4(.6) 2.3(.9) 2.2(.7)
Choking 2.8 (.4) 1–3 2.8(.3) 2.7(.5) 2.9(.3) 2.8(.4)
Gurgling 2.6 (.6) 1–3 2.6(.5) 2.5(.6) 2.9(.3) 2.6(.6)
Difficulty swallowing 2.2 (.7) 1–3 2.2(.7) 2.1(.7) 2.1(.8) 2.2(.7)
Fear 2.5 (.6) 1–3 2.4(.7) 2.6(.5) 2.5(.6) 2.5(.6)
Anxiety 2.2 (.7) 1–3 2.2(.7) 2.4(.6) 2.1(.8) 2.0(.7)
Crying 2.8 (.4) 1–3 2.7(.6) 2.8(.3) 2.9(.3) 2.7(.6)
Moaning 2.4 (.6) 1–3 2.4(.7) 2.5(.6) 2.2(.6) 2.4(.7)
Serenity 2.1(.7) 1–3 2.3(.6) 2.0(.8) 2.0(.7) 2.0(.7)
Peace 2.3(.6) 1–3 2.5(.6) 2.4(.7) 2.3(.6) 2.3(.6)
Calm 2.4(.6) 1–3 2.4(.6) 2.4(.6) 2.3(.6) 2.3(.6)
Total 33.7 (5.2) 14–42 33.3 (5.1) 34.4 (5.2) 33.1 (5.6) 33.0 (5.1)
Subscale Physical Distress 9.0 (2.1) 4–12 8.5 (2.0) 9.4 (2.0) 8.5 (2.7) 8.6 (1.9)
Subscale Dying Symptoms 9.9 (1.7) 4–12 10.0 (1.4) 9.9 (1.8) 10.3 (1.7) 9.9 (1.8)
Subscale Emotional Distress 10.15 (1.95) 4–12 9.7 (2.2) 10.5 (1.7) 9.9 (1.8) 9.7 (2.1)
Subscale Wellbeing 6.93 (1.92) 3–9 7.3 (1.8) 6.9 (1.9) 6.7 (1.7) 6.8 (1.8)