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Table 7 Overview of training concepts

From: Trained volunteers to support chronically ill, multimorbid elderly between hospital and domesticity – a systematic review of one-on-one-intervention types, effects, and underlying training concepts

  Duration (h) Number of appointments Participant limit Theoretical background Checklist completed Contents of the training Didactic methods Evaluation methods Further support
Get to know each other Frame and structures Sensitization of target group Tasks (theory) Tasks (practice) Self-care Summary and reflection (Group) discussion Partner interviews Lecture Group work Case scenarios Role playing / practice Video Written information Feedback Test Group meetings Telephone hotline Manual/handouts
Psychosocial–coordinative support
 White et al. 2012 [111] 18 3 15 E Yes
 Philippi et al. 2015 [108, 109, 112, 130] 16 3 15 C Yes
 PEQ [93, 128, 129] 30 10 8–15 SDL   
Physical–cognitive activation
 Haider et al. 2017 [113,114,115,116, 127] 12 4 25 (C) Yes
 Etkin et al. 2006 [117] 16 2 EOSD No                
 Stolee et al. 2012 [119] 12 2 No                     
 Connelly 2008 [118] No                     
Assistance with medication intake
 Wang et al. 2013 [120] 26 6 6 No                   
 Sales 2013 [121] 11 No                    
  1. C Constructivism, E Experimental, EOSD Elements of successful dissemination, SDL Self-determined learning (constructivism)