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Table 4 Overview of significant and non-significant results

From: Trained volunteers to support chronically ill, multimorbid elderly between hospital and domesticity – a systematic review of one-on-one-intervention types, effects, and underlying training concepts

Outcome Instrument* Significant* Non-significant* Study
Psychosocial–coordinative support
 Anxiety HADS (≥8) X   [111]
HADS   X [108, 109, 112, 130]
 Depression HADS (≥8)   X [111]
HADS   X [108, 109, 112, 130]
 (Health-related) Quality of life LLFDI-K X X [108, 109, 112, 130]
SF 8, K − 14 F-SozU   X [108, 109, 112, 130]
 Use of services Counting X   [111]
Counting   X [108, 109, 112, 130]
 Further outcomes CCSC X   [111]
SCNS   X [111]
S-JS, MOS-SS X   [108, 109, 112, 130]
Physical–cognitive activation
 Anxiety FES-I X   [113,114,115,116, 127]
 (Health-related) Quality of life WHOQOL-BREF   X [113,114,115,116, 127]
WHOQOL-OLD X X [113,114,115,116, 127]
SF − 20 X X [117]
ADL-Scale X   [119]
GAS [118]
 Physical functioning PASE, SPPB X   [113,114,115,116, 127]
SHARE-FI, NMA®-LF   X [113,114,115,116, 127]
ABC-Scale X   [119]
SFTM X X [119]
BBS   X [119]
GAS [118]
Assistance with medication intake  
 Use of services Counting X   [121]
 Further outcomes Counting X X [121]
KAB-MS X X [120]
  1. * Bold fonds label primary outcomes and their results, ABC-Scale Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale, ADL-Scale Activities of daily living scale, BBS Berg Balance Scale, CCSC Colorectal Cancer Symptoms Checklist, FES-I Falls Efficacy Scale – International, GAS Goal Attainment Scaling, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, K-14 F-SozU Questionnaire to social support, KAB-MS Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior Medication Safety questionnaire, LLFDI-K Late Life Function and Disability Instrument, Short Version, Dimension ‘Impairment’, MOS-SS Medical Outcome Study Social Support Scale, NMA®-LF Mini Nutritional Assessment Long-Form, PASE Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly, SF 8 Short-Form-Health-Survey – short, SF-20 Short-Form-Health Survey – long, SFTM Senior Fitness Test Manual, SHARE-FI Assessment for frailty by Romero-Ortuno 2010 – handgrip strength, S-JS General Self-efficacy by Jerusalem & Schwarzer (1986), SCNS Supportive care needs survey, SPPB Short Physical Performance Battery, WHOQOL-BREF World Health Organization Quality of Life short version, WHOQOL-OLD World Health Organization Quality of Life for 60+