Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive overview with characteristic details for each variable by age-group and gender

From: Objective physical measures and their association with subjective functional limitations in a representative study population of older Thais

  Male Female
60–69 years 70–79 years 60–69 years 70–79 years
N Mean (95%CI)/%Share N Mean (95%CI)/%Share N Mean (95%CI)/%Share M Mean (95%CI)/%Share
Age 2498 64.2
(58.6–69.9)
1566 73.9
(68.6–79.3)
2559 64.1
(58.4–69.7)
1652 73.9
(68.4–79.3)
Weight 2487 60.3
(37.7–82.9)
1557 56.3
(34.4–78.2)
2552 56.1
(33.5–78.8)
1645 51.1
(29.5–72.8)
Height 2487 162.2
(150.3–174.1)
1552 160.3
(147.8–172.8)
2544 151.4
(141.1–161.7)
1619 149.5
(138.5–160.4)
% Education level 2494   1559   2556   1650  
No education   4.4   7.9   12.2   20
Primary school   78.1   80.6   79.7   76.5
At least secondary school   17.5   11.5   8.1   3.5
% Region 2498   1566   2559   1652  
Bangkok   11.2   16.5   11.2   10.1
North   19.7   19.3   18.6   20
Central   24.5   23.9   26   24.8
Northeast   32.7   27.1   32.9   31.3
South   11.9   13.1   11.3   13.8
% Cognitive impairment 2490   1430   2382   1399  
- No   94.5   90.9   88.8   82.8
- Yes   5.5   9.1   11.2   17.2
% Diabetes 2408   1508   2479   1597  
- No   86.4   85.7   80.8   82.9
- Yes   13.6   14.3   19.2   17.1
% Hypertension 2489   1565   2554   1652  
- No   56.9   48.7   55   47.5
- Yes   43.1   51.3   45   52.5
Physical performances         
HGS (kilograms) 2489 31.5
(18.4–44.5)
1561 26.5
(13.7–39.3)
2550 21.0
(12.3–29.8)
1645 18.3
(10.2–26.4)
UWS (m/s) 2453 0.8
(0.4–1.2)
1530 0.7
(0.3–1.1)
2509 0.7
(0.4–1.0)
1607 0.6
(0.3–1.0)
Overall function 2453 4.5
(2.7–6.3)
1528 3.8
(1.8–5.7)
2504 4.0
(2.3–5.7)
1604 3.4
(1.7–5.0)
Outcome
% ADL disabilities 2471   1547   2533   1641  
- No   98.8   96.3   98.6   97
- Yes   1.2   3.7   1.4   3
% IADL disabilities 2001   1163   2088   1275  
- No   67.1   47.2   44   18.7
- Yes   32.9   52.8   56   81.3
% Upper-body limitations 2348   1430   2385   1428  
- No   88.9   76.3   75.4   53.2
- Yes   11.1   23.7   24.6   46.8
% Lower-body limitations 2291   1423   2264   1405  
- No   86.8   73.8   66   46
- Yes   13.2   26.2   34   54
% Higher functioning limitations 2101   1244   2091   1186  
- No   92.1   79.7   77.4   57.4
- Yes   7.9   20.3   22.6   42.6
  1. 95% CI 95% confidence interval, HGS handgrip strength, UWS usual walking speed, ADL activities of daily living, IADL instrumental activities of daily living