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Table 3 Analyses on wellbeing aspects for different domains of frailty

From: A cross sectional study on the different domains of frailty for independent living older adults

Wellbeing Total n = 1768 Respondents (%/SD) Missing (%) 0
n = 550 (31.1%)
1
n = 147 (8.3%)
2
n = 132 (7.5%)
3
n = 325 (18.4%)
4
n = 107 (6.1%)
5
n = 100 (5.7%)
6
n = 225 (12.7%)
7
n = 182 (10.3%)
Quality of life
 Grade (SD)b 7.3 (1.2) 30 (1.7) 7.9 (0.9) 7.3 (1.1) 7.2 (1.2) 7.6 (1.0) 6.5 (1.0) 7.1 (0.9) 6.8 (1.2) 6.2 (1.2)
Posthoc analysis shows significant differences for: 0–1b, 0–2b, 0–3b, 0–4b, 0–5b, 0–6b, 0–7b, 1–4b, 1–6b, 1–7b, 2–3a, 2–4b, 2–6a, 2–7b, 3–4b, 3–5b, 3–6b, 3–7b, 4–6a, 5–7b
 Compared to one year agob 26 (1.5)         
  Much better 71 (4.0)   21 (3.8) 6 (4.1) 2 (1.5) 26 (8.0) 1 (0.9) 5 (5.) 7 (3.1) 3 (1.6)
  Little better 127 (7.2)   29 (5.3) 8 (5.4) 10 (7.6) 25 (7.7) 8 (7.5) 5 (5) 23 (10.2) 19 (10.4)
  the same 1105 (62.5)   430 (78.2) 80 (54.4) 81 (61.4) 226 (69.5) 42 (39.3) 57 (57) 134 (59.6) 55 (30.2)
  Little worse 374 (21.2)   60 (10.9) 45 (30.6) 35 (26.5) 4 (13.5) 40 (37.4) 27 (27) 45 (20.0) 78 (42.9)
  Much worse 65 (3.7)   2 (0.4) 6 (4.1) 3 (2.3) 1 (0.3) 14 (13.1) 5 (5) 8 (3.6) 26 (14.3)
Posthoc analysis shows differences compared to the expected for: much better: 3 (+) | the same: 0 (+), 4 (−), 7(−) | little worse: 0 (−), 1 (+), 3 (−), 4 (+), 7 (+) | much worse: 0 (−), 3 (−), 4 (+), 7 (+)
 Lonelinessb
Range: 0–11
3.9 (3.5) 217 (12.3) 1.7 (2.1) 2.3 (2.6) 3.1 (3.1) 4.2 (3.2) 4 (3.7) 5.2 (3.2) 6.9 (3.7) 7.1 (3)
Posthoc analysis shows significant differences for: 0–2b, 0–3b, 0–4b, 0–5b, 0–6b, 0–7b, 1–3b, 1–4b, 1–5b, 1–6b, 1–7b, 2–3a, 2–4b, 2–7b, 3–6b, 3–7b, 4–6b, 4–7b, 5–6b, 5–7b
 Going outsideb 57 (3.3)         
  Daily 917 (51.9)   360 (65.5) 49 (33.3) 65 (49.2) 181 (55.7) 39 (36.4) 35 (35) 132 (58.7) 56 (30.8)
  Few times per week 619 (35.0)   128 (23.3) 67 (45.6) 55 (41.7) 128 (39.4) 45 (42.1) 49 (49) 71 (31.6) 76 (41.8)
  Few times per month 113 (6.4)   17 (3.1) 21 (14.3) 7 (5.3) 8 (2.5) 12 (11.2) 8 (8) 12 (5.3) 28 (15.4)
  Less than once a month 62 (3.5)   7 (1.3) 9 (6.1) 3 (2.3) 1 (0.3) 10 (9.3) 7 (7) 6 (2.7) 19 (10.4)
Posthoc analysis shows differences compared to the expected for: daily: 0 (+), 1 (−), 4 (−), 5 (−), 7 (−) | few times per week: 0 (−), 1 (+), 5 (+) | few times per month: 0 (−), 1 (+), 3 (−), 7 (+) | less than once a month: 0 (−), 4 (+), 7 (+)
How often do you meet …
 Children or grandchildrena 228 (12.9)         
  Every week 771 (43.6)   256 (46.5) 78 (53.1) 53 (40.2) 136 (41.8) 54 (50.5) 37 (37) 84 (37.3) 73 (40.1)
  Once or twice per month 399 (22.6)   119 (13.5) 31 (21) 38 (18.8) 72 (22.1) 22 (20.6) 28 (28) 47 (20.9) 45 (14.7)
  Less/seldom 161 (9.1)   33 (4.2) 12 (8.1) 13 (9.8) 32 (9.9) 15 (14) 10 (10) 27 (12) 19 (10.4)
  Never 57 (3.2)   13 (2.4) 5 (3.4) 3 (2.3) 10 (3.1) 5 (4.7) 4 (4) 9 (4) 8 (4.4)
  Not applicable 152 (8.6)   42 (7.6) 8 (5.4) 7 (5.3) 33 (10.2) 8 (7.5) 15 (15) 29 (12.9) 10 (5.5)
Posthoc analysis shows differences compared to the expected for: less/seldom: 0 (−) | not applicable: 6 (+)
 Family/in-lawsb 314 (17.8)         
  Every week 289 (16.3)   109 (19.8) 25 (17) 13 (9.8) 62 (19.1) 20 (18.7) 12 (12) 29 (12.9) 19 (10.4)
 Once or twice per month 371 (21.0)   122 (22.2) 39 (26.6) 35 (26.5) 58 (17.8) 22 (20.5) 19 (19) 39 (17.3) 37 (20.3)
  Less/seldom 410 (23.2)   99 (18) 35 (23.8) 35 (27.1) 72 (22.2) 28 (26.2) 30 (30) 63 (28) 48 (26.4)
  Never 177 (10.0)   44 (8) 10 (6.8) 4 (3) 31 (9.5) 14 (13.1) 17 (17) 30 (13.3) 27 (14.8)
  Not applicable 207 (11.7)   63 (11.5) 25 (17) 17 (12.9) 40 (12.3) 13 (12.1) 9 (9) 21 (9.3) 19 (10.4)
Posthoc analysis shows differences compared to the expected for: every week: 0 (+), 7 (−) | less /seldom: 0 (−) | never: 2 (−), 5 (+), 7 (+)
 Friendsb 172 (9.7)         
  Every week 728 (41.2)   259 (47.1) 67 (45.6) 50 (37.9) 143 (44) 39 (36.4) 33 (33) 90 (40) 47 (25.8)
  Once or twice per month 506 (28.6)   147 (26.8) 44 (30) 42 (31.8) 94 (28.9) 33 (30.9) 31 (31) 62 (27.1) 53 (29.1)
  Less/seldom 264 (15.0)   59 (10.8) 16 (10.9) 21 (15.9) 35 (10.7) 27 (23.4) 27 (27) 38 (16.8) 41 (22.5)
  Never 64 (3.6)   7 (1.3) 5 (3.4) 3 (2.3) 13 (4) 3 (2.8) 6 (6) 8 (3.6) 19 (10.4)
  Not applicable 34 (1.9)   (71.3) 6 (4.1) 2 (1.5) 6 (1.8) 3 (2.8) 0 4 (1.8) 6 (6.3)
Posthoc analysis shows differences compared to the expected for: every week: 0 (+), 7 (−) | less/seldom: 0 (−), 4 (+), 5 (+) | never: 0 (−), 7 (+)
 Neighboursb   144 (8.1)         
  Every week 1006 (56.9)   375 (68.2) 87 (59.2) 74 (56.1) 181 (55.7) 51 (47.7) 47 (47) 116 (51.6) 75 (41.2)
  Once or twice per month 298 (16.8)   67 (12.2) 27 (18.4) 24 (18.1) 67 (20.3) 22 (20.6) 20 (20) 24 (15.1) 38 (20.9)
  Less/seldom 218 (12.3)   32 (5.6) 17 (11.6) 17 (12.9) 37 (11.4) 23 21.5) 17 (17) 43 (19.1) 32 (17.6)
  Never 80 (4.5)   8 (1.5) 7 (4.8) 2 (1.5) 8 (2.5) 8 (7.5) 11 (11) 14 (6.2) 22 (12.1)
  Not applicable 22 (1.2)   8 (1.5) 2 (1.4) 1 (0.8) 5 (1.5) 1 (0.9) 2 (2) 1 (0.4) 2 (1.1)
Posthoc analysis shows differences compared to the expected for: every week: 0 (+), 7 (−) | once or twice per month: 0 (−) | less/seldom: 0 (−), 4 (+), 5 (+), 7 (+) | never: 0 (−), 5 (+), 7 (+)
  1. Not frail for all domains (0), Physical frail (1), psychological frail (2), social frail (3), Physical and psychological (4), Physical and social (5), Psychological and social (6), Frail on all three domains (7)
  2. a Analysis shows a significance between 0,05-0,001
  3. b Analysis shows a significance lower than 0,00