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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population

From: Change in quality of life and potentially associated factors in patients receiving home-based primary care: a prospective cohort study

Item Total (n = 184)
Age, yrs. (mean ± SD) 78.8 ± 10.8
Gender, n (%)
 Male 103 (56%)
 Female 81 (44%)
Height, cm (mean ± SD) 154.9 ± 11.4
Weight, kg (mean ± SD) 46.9 ± 12.2
BMI, kg/m2 (mean ± SD) 19.9 ± 4.0
Household status, n (%)
 Alone 22 (12%)
 Not alone 162 (88%)
Marital status, n (%)
 Married 105 (57.7%)
 Widow/widower 60 (32.6%)
 Divorced 6 (3.3%)
 Single 11 (6.0%)
Economic status, n (%)
 With financial support 29 (15.8%)
 Self-supporting 118 (64.5%)
 Well-off 36 (19.7%)
Visual acuity, n (%)
 Not impaired 144 (78.3%)
 Impaired 40 (21.7%)
Hearing ability, n (%)
 Not impaired 153 (83.2%)
 Impaired 31 (16.8%)
Communication, n (%)
 Not impaired 28 (15.6%)
 Impaired 152 (84.4%)
CCI, scores (mean ± SD) 3.0 ± 2.3
Polypharmacy (≥6 medications), n (%)
 No 178 (48.5%)
 Yes 189 (51.5%)
Independence scale of the disabled elderly, n (%)
 Independence 16 (9.1%)
 Pre-bedridden status 53 (30.3%)
 Bedridden status 106 (60.6%)
Barthel index, score (mean ± SD) 48.5 ± 33.7
Bedsores, n (%)
 No 162 (88.5%)
 Yes 21 (11.5%)
Denture use
 No 62 (36.7%)
 Yes 106 (63.3%)
Feeding intake form
 Oral form 130 (83.9%)
 Oral form plus tube feeding 11 (7.1%)
 Tube feeding 14 (9.0%)
Dysphagia Severity Scale, n (%)
 No dysphagia 143 (77.7%)
 With dysphagia 41 (22.3%)
MNA-SF, scores (mean ± SD) 8.1 ± 3.0
 Malnourished, n (%) 77 (44.3%)
 At risk of malnutrition, n (%) 79 (45.4%)
 Normal nutritional status, n (%) 18 (10.3%)
Serum albumin level, g/dL (mean ± SD) 3.5 ± 0.5