Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Characteristics of 134 Alzheimer caregivers per categories of self-rated health (SRH) with significant group differences

From: Refining caregiver vulnerability for clinical practice: determinants of self-rated health in spousal dementia caregivers

  Attainable score of scales All (n = 134) Poor/fair SRH (n = 21) Good SRH (n = 42) Very good SRH (n = 52) Excellent SRH (n = 19) P (between groups)
Demographic factors
 Age, years, mean (SD)   74.1 (8.3) 73.9 (9.1) 72.7 (8.4) 75.5 (7.9) 73.8 (7.8) 0.427
 Sex, female, n (%)   105 (78.4) 18 (85.7) 33 (78.6) 39 (75.0) 15 (78.9) 0.823
 Higher education, n (%)   104 (77.6) 15 (71.4) 31(73.8) 40 (76.9) 18 (94.7) 0.226
Health behaviors
 Body mass index, kg/m2, mean (SD)   26.1 (5.5) 28.1 (8.1) 1) 27.1 (4.7) 4) 25.5 (4.9) 23.5 (4.2) 0.026
 Physical activity, score, mean (SD) 0 to 6 3.31 (1.62) 2.71 (1.35) 1) 2) 2.76 (1.28) 4) 5) 3.62 (1.71) 4.37 (1.71) < 0.001
 Ever smoking, n (%)   58 (43.3) 11 (52.4) 16 (38.1) 20 (38.5) 11 (57.9) 0.346
 Alcohol consumption, score, mean (SD) 0 to 6 2.03 (2.26) 1.10 (2.02) 1) 2) 1.50 (1.88) 4) 5) 2.50 (2.36) 2.95 (2.46) 0.009
Physical health indicators
 Physical health problems, score, mean (SD) 0 to 12 1.93 (1.54) 3.00 (1.87) 1) 2) 3) 2.21 (1.54) 4) 5) 1.48 (1.29) 1.37 (1.01) < 0.001
 Caregiver physical function, z-score, mean (SD) −2.25 to 0.82 0 (0.81) −0.84 (0.79) 1) 2) 3) −0.10 (0.71) 4) 5) 0.25 (0.72) 0.48 (0.56) < 0.001
Psychosocial factors
 Negative affect, score, mean (SD) 10 to 50 21.0 (6.8) 26.4 (8.5) 1) 2) 3) 19.3 (5.5) 21.3 (6.3) 6) 17.8 (5.4) < 0.001
 Positive affect, score, mean (SD) 10 to 50 32.4 (7.0) 29.7 (6.1) 1) 30.7 (6.7) 4) 32.7 (6.6) 6) 37.9 (6.9) < 0.001
 Social support, score, mean (SD) 0 to 24 13.7 (5.4) 12.7 (6.8) 14.9 (4.9) 12.8 (5.1) 14.6 (5.1) 0.183
Caregiving-specific stressors
 Years of caregiving, mean (SD)   4.59 (3.54) 5.71 (5.77) 3.90 (2.53) 4.44 (2.82) 5.26 (3.90) 0.215
 Clinical dementia rating, score, mean (SD) 0 to 3 1.29 (0.56) 1.39 (0.58) 1.36 (0.67) 1.22 (0.47) 1.24 (0.48) 0.520
 CR functional impairment, score, %, mean (SD) 0 to 100 65.9 (18.4) 68.9 (21.6) 64.8 (19.6) 64.4 (17.4) 69.3 (15.2) 0.647
 Perceived caregiver burden, score, mean (SD) 12 to 60 32.9 (7.6) 35.2 (7.3) 32.7 (7.1) 32.3 (8.7) 32.4 (5.9) 0.514
 Caregiving-specific stress total, z-score, mean (SD) −1.91 to 3.14 0.00 (0.66) 0.24 (0.85) −0.04 (0.68) −0.08 (0.57) 0.05 (0.57) 0.271
  1. Significant differences between groups of SRH (p < 0.05): 1) poor/fair SRH vs. excellent SRH; 2) poor/fair SRH vs. very good SRH; 3) poor/fair SRH vs. good SRH; 4) good SRH vs. excellent SRH; 5) good SRH vs. very good SRH; 6) very good SRH vs. excellent SRH; CR = care recipient