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Table 3 Model– estimated mean difference between groups, per protocol, as-treated and CACE estimates analysis

From: Effect of exercise and nutritional supplementation on health-related quality of life and mood in older adults: the VIVE2 randomized controlled trial

  Model 1a Model 2b
PCS
 Complete case − 0.47 (− 2.81, 1.86) p 0.7 − 0.36 (− 2.73, 2.02) p 0.77
 PP −0.35 (−2.86, 2.15) p 0.78 − 0.26 (− 2.82, 2.29) p 0.84
 As-treated − 0.21 (− 2.68, 2.26) p 0.87 −0.13 (− 2.65, 2.39) p 0.92
 CACE − 0.27 (− 2.58, 2.04) p 0.82 −0.16 (− 2.48, 2.15) p 0. 89
MCS
 Complete case −2.23 (− 5.13,0.66) p 0.13 −2.19 (− 5.14, 0.76) p 0.14
 PP − 2.09 (− 5.09, 0.91) p 0.17 −2.13 (− 5.18, 0.91) p 0.17
 As- treated −1.95 (− 4.91, 1.00) p 0.19 −1.96 (− 4.98, 1.03) p 0.19
 CACE − 1.89 (−4.72, 0.93) p 1.19 −1.87 (− 4.7, 0.96) p 0.19
CES-D
 Complete case 0.72 (−1.49, 2.93) p 0.52 0.79 (−1.39, 2.98) p 0.48
 PP 0.22 (− 2.15, 2.58) p 0.86 0.17 (− 2.16, 2.51) p 0.88
 As-treated 0.08 (− 2.22, 2.38) p 0.95 0.09 (− 2.17, 2.36) p 0.94
 CACE 0.44 (−1.73, 2.62) p 0.69 0.54 (−1.58, 2.67) p 0.62
  1. Model– estimated mean difference at 6 months between groups (95% CI) for PCS, MCS and CES-D and the analysis for per protocol, as-treated and CACE estimates
  2. CI confidence interval, PCS physical component summary, MCS mental component summary, CES-D the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, PP per protocol, CACE complier average causal effect
  3. aadjusted for baseline value
  4. badjustments for baseline, age, sex and study site. A minus sign indicates lower results in the intervention group