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Table 2 Predictors of mortality between survivors and non-survivors

From: Clinical outcomes and prognostic factors in patients directly transferred to the intensive care unit from long-term care beds in institutions and hospitals: a retrospective clinical study

Variable Univariate Multivariate
Survivor (n = 89) Non-survivor (n = 22) P OR (95% CI) P
Male sex 55 (61.8) 16 (72.7) 0.339 0.31 (0.06–1.75) 0.186
Age, years 78 (69.5–83.0) 81.5 (74.3–86.3) 0.064 1.07 (0.96–1.08) 0.143
BMI, kg/m2 20.8 (18.7–23.7) 18.3 (15.9–22.3) 0.016 1.05 (0.85–1.31) 0.643
APACHE II score 25.0 (21.0–29.5) 25.5 (22.0–30.3) 0.459   
Charlson Comorbidity Index 2 (1–3) 2 (1–3) 1.000   
Blood culture positive 21 (23.6) 4 (18.2) 0.777   
Permanent tracheostomy status 26 (29.2) 2 (9.1) 0.052 0.35 (0.04–3.02) 0.340
Nasogastric tube insertion status 30 (33.7) 8 (36.4) 0.814   
Invasive ventilation 58 (65.2) 19 (86.4) 0.053 4.02 (0.68–23.76) 0.124
ARDS 21 (23.6) 8 (36.4) 0.222   
Use of antibiotics within 3 months 37 (41.6) 12 (54.5) 0.273   
MDR pathogen 34 (38.2) 19 (86.4) < 0.001 17.43 (1.96–155.40) 0.010
MRSA 8 (9) 10 (45.5) < 0.001   
CRAB 16 (18) 7 (31.8) 0.238   
Bedridden status 44 (49.4) 6 (27.3) 0.061 0.24 (0.05–1.13) 0.071
Brain problema 69 (77.5) 15 (68.2) 0.36   
Diabetes mellitus 20 (22.5) 7 (31.8) 0.36   
Hypertension 37 (41.6) 7 (31.8) 0.402   
Acute kidney injury 27 (30.3) 4 (18.2) 0.255   
Albumin, g/dL 2.6 (2.3–2.9) 2.0 (1.7–2.2) < 0.001   
Albumin < 2.15 g/dL 13 (14.6) 16 (72.7) < 0.001 28.05 (5.47–143.75) < 0.001
Total bilirubin, mg/dLb 0.5 (0.3–0.8) 0.6 (0.4–0.7) 0.627   
LDH, IU/L 239 (185.5–307.5) 258 (200.5–367.0) 0.184   
CRP, mg/dL 13.0 (7.3–23.6) 16.3 (12.8–21.3) 0.151   
NT-ProBNP pg/mL 1337 (410–4462) 2909.5 (1302.5–10,555.3) 0.124   
Triglyceride, mg/dLc 76.0 (55.0–106.3) 54.0 (43.0–83.0) 0.034   
ICU length of stay 7 (3–14.5) 5.5 (3.5–19) 0.801   
  1. Values are presented as numbers (percentages), and as median (interquartile range), unless otherwise indicated. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; BMI, body mass index; APACHE, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation; ARDS, acute respiratory distress syndrome; MDR, multiple-drug resistant; MRSA, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; CRAB, carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii; LDH, lactate dehydrogenase; CRP, C-reactive protein; NT-ProBNP, N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide; ICU, intensive care unit; aneurodegenerative disorders and stroke; bFive missing values; cFourteen missing values