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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the study population

From: Clinical outcomes and prognostic factors in patients directly transferred to the intensive care unit from long-term care beds in institutions and hospitals: a retrospective clinical study

Characteristics N = 111
Male sex 71 (64)
Age, years 79 ± 10
BMI, kg/m2 20.7 ± 4.0
APACHE II score 24.9 ± 6.7
Charlson Comorbidity Index 2.45 ± 1.67
ICU length of stay, days 11.8 ± 1.3
Hospital length of stay, days 24.5 ± 3.0
Permanent tracheostomy status 28 (25.2)
Nasogastric tube insertion status 38 (34.2)
Bedridden status 50 (45)
ARDS 29 (26.1)
Use of antibiotics within 3 months 49 (44.1)
Blood culture positive 25 (22.5)
Sputum culture positive 66 (59.5)
MDR pathogen (sputum culture or blood culture) 53 (47.7)
Major cause of admission
 Pneumonia 98 (88.3)
 Pulmonary thromboembolism 4 (3.6)
 Pulmonary tuberculosis 3 (2.7)
 Lung abscess 1 (0.9)
 Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis 1 (0.9)
 Lung cancer 1 (0.9)
 COPD exacerbation 1 (0.9)
 Asphyxia 1 (0.9)
 Hemoptysis 1 (0.9)
  1. Values are presented as numbers (percentages) and as mean ± standard deviation, unless otherwise indicated. BMI, body mass index; APACHE, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation; ICU, intensive care unit; ARDS, acute respiratory distress syndrome; MDR, multiple-drug-resistant; COPD, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease