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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the articles which included a frailty measure

From: What do we know about frailty in the acute care setting? A scoping review

  All Geriatrics Emergency Department General Medicine Cardiology Orthopedics Intensive Care Unit Oncology Surgery Prehospital General Medicine & Surgery General Medicine & Geriatrics Geriatrics & Oncology
Articles n (%) 204 (100) 29 (14.2) 29 (14.2) 22 (10.8) 20 (9.8) 11 (5.4) 9 (4.4) 6 (2.9) 5 (2.5) 2 (1) 18 (8.8) 7 (3.4) 2 (1)
Year n (%)
 2011–2015 141 (69.1) 14 (48.3) 25 (86.2) 19 (86.4) 16 (80.0) 11 (100.0) 9 (100) 3 (50.0) 5 (100.0) 2 (100.0) 6 (33.3) 2 (28.6) 1 (50.0)
 2006–2010 39 (19.1) 10 (34.5) 3 (10.3) 3 (13.6) 2 (10.0) 0 0 2 (33.3) 0 0 5 (27.8) 2 (28.6) 0
 2000–2005 24 (11.8) 5 (17.2) 1 (3.4) 0 2 (10.0) 0 0 1 (16.7) 0 0 7 (38.9) 3 (42.9) 1 (50.0)
Language n (%)
 English 200 (98.0) 29 (100.0) 27 (93.1) 21 (95.5) 20 (100.0) 11 (100.0) 9 (100.0) 6 (100.0) 4 (80.0) 2 (100.0) 18 (100.0) 7 (100.0) 2 (100.0)
 Italian 2 (1.0) 0 1 (3.4) 0 0 0 0 0 1 (20.0) 0 0 0 0
 Portuguese 2 (1.0) 0 1 (3.4) 1 (4.5) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Country n (%)
 United States 55 (27.0) 3 (10.3) 11 (37.9) 1 (4.5) 6 (30.0) 3 (27.3) 2 (22.2) 1 (16.7) 3 (60.0) 0 15 (83.3) 0 0
 United Kingdom 23 (11.3) 4 (13.8) 3 (10.3) 5 (22.7) 2 (10.0) 2 (18.2) 1 (11.1) 0 0 0 1 (5.6) 0 1 (50.0)
 Canada 18 (8.8) 5 (17.2) 2 (6.9) 2 (9.1) 1 (5.0) 1 (9.1) 4 (44.4) 0 0 1 (50.0) 0 0 0
 Australia/New Zealand 16 (7.8) 1 (3.4) 1 (3.4) 2 (9.1) 1 (5.0) 1 (9.1) 1 (11.1) 0 0 0 1 (5.6) 0 1 (50.0)
 Italy 14 (6.9) 3 (10.3) 2 (6.9) 3 (13.6) 0 0 0 4 (66.7) 1 (20.0) 0 0 1 (14.3) 0
 Belgium 11 (5.4) 6 (20.7) 1 (3.4) 2 (9.1) 1 (5.0) 1 (9.1) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Spain 8 (3.9) 2 (6.9) 2 (6.9) 0 3 (15.0) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Denmark 8 (3.9) 0 2 (6.9) 2 (9.1) 0 3 (27.3) 0 0 0 0 0 1 (14.3) 0
 Netherlands 8 (3.9) 1 (3.4) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 (5.6) 0 0
 Sweden 6 (2.9) 0 2 (6.9) 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 (50.0) 0 0 0
 Norway 5 (2.5) 0 0 1 (4.5) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 (57.1) 0
 Other Europea 15 (7.4) 3 (10.3) 1 (3.4) 1 (4.5) 2 (10.0) 0 1 (11.1) 1 (16.7) 1 (20.0) 0 0 0 0
 Otherb 17 (8.3) 1 (3.4) 2 (6.9) 3 (13.6) 4 (20.0) 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 (14.3) 0
Number of participants
 # of articles reporting 201 28 29 21 19 11 9 6 5 2 18 7 2
 Range 9–971,434 44–20,933 40–7532 34–3479 24–111,023 16–36,900 22–47,427 54–350 36–35,344 88–203 99–129,400 156–1568 37–111
 Median (IQR) 206 (100.5–460) 164 (99.3–490.3) 161 (99.5–278) 254 (118.5–562) 309 (135–773) 145 (47–284) 421 (119–982) 103 (69.8–180.5) 41 (38.5–17,764) N/A 259.5 (397–1435.3) 254 (254–254) N/A
Mean age of participants
 # of articles reporting 155 24 21 18 17 9 9 3 2 1 6 7 1
 Range 47.1–91.6 66.4–86.7 75–86.8 65–86.5 53.2–91.6 47.1–87) 60–84 62–73.1 72–76.9 82.2 60.4–77.3 60.8–82 74.3
 Median (IQR) 78.9 (74–82.9) 82.9 (79.9–84.1) 78 (76.8–81.3) 82.2 (77.9–84.1) 76 (69.9–80.3) 83.9 (77.3–86.3) 76.9 (70–80.8) 70.8 (N/A) N/A N/A 74.1 (68.3–75.1) 81.8 (72.8–81.8) N/A
Percentage of females
 # of articles reporting 187 27 27 20 19 11 9 6 4 1 15 7 1
 Range 2–100 2.5–81.7 28–83 21.6–67.2 16.3–60 4.3–83 38.7–69.7 40.1–100 22.5–54.4 62.1 2–57 53–74.8 46
 Median (IQR) 54 (43.5–63) 63.7 (56–70) 53 (41.7–56.4) 60.4 (53.6–62.5) 46 (39.3–50.7) 75.4 (36.8–77.7) 45 (42.5–53.1) 45.5 (40.6–66.1) 41.9 (24.5–54.1) N/A 2.8 (2.1–43.5) 65 (54.6–65) N/A
  1. We only stratified by disciplines that have been included in at least 2 articles
  2. N/A not applicable, # number, IQR interquartile range
  3. aAustria; Finland; France; Germany; Ireland; Poland; Slovenia; Switzerland
  4. bBrazil; China; India; Israel; Japan; Mexico; Taiwan; Multiple Countries