Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Association of socioeconomic status with dementia risk factors

From: A pathway from low socioeconomic status to dementia in Japan: results from the Toyama dementia survey

  Alcohol consumption Smoking Diabetes Parkinson’s disease Stroke Angina pectoris/cardiovascular disease
Yes OR Yes OR Yes OR Yes OR Yes OR Yes OR
% 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI
Educational attainment
 ≤6 years 26.9 0.85 (0.43–1.67) 24.4 1.10 (0.44–2.78) 15.4 0.85 (0.42–1.72) 2.6 1.00 (0.19–5.39) 10.3 1.22 (0.52–2.87) 12.8 0.92 (0.42–2.01)
 7–9 years 38.8 1.00 (0.73–1.39) 31.2 1.00 (0.66–1.52) 13.5 0.77 (0.53–1.10) 0.7 0.41 (0.11–1.53) 9.8 1.24 (0.79–1.95) 9.5 1.05 (0.67–1.67)
 ≥10 years 46.9 1 41.2 1 18 1 1.8 1 7.9 1 8.2 1
χ2p <0.001   <0.001   0.142   0.229   0.513   0.365  
Occupation
 White collar 40.8 1 35.3 1 17.5 1 1.7 1 6.8 1 7.9 1
 Blue collar 46 1.08 (0.76–1.53) 41.1 0.94 (0.61–1.46) 14.3 0.78 (0.53–1.15) 0.9 0.59 (0.17–2.13) 9 1.16 (0.69–1.94) 10.2 1.06 (0.65–1.74)
 Both 44.4 1.06 (0.70–1.62) 38.8 1.00 (0.58–1.72) 18.4 1.08 (0.70–1.69) 2 1.36 (0.40–4.65) 12.2 1.79 (1.01–3.15) 8.2 1.00 (0.53–1.86)
 Other 30.4 1.63 (0.90–2.97) 11.4 0.62 (0.22–1.74) 12.7 0.78 (0.38–1.60) 1.3 0.72 (0.08–6.08) 10.1 1.61 (0.70–3.71) 11.4 1.37 (0.61–3.05)
χ2p 0.053   <0.001   0.37   0.668   0.147   0.549  
  1. Model: age, sex, educational attainment, and occupations were simultaneously entered