Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Physical and health predictors of malnutrition risk indicator score (MNA®-SF)

From: Dysphagia risk, low muscle strength and poor cognition predict malnutrition risk in older adults at hospital admission

  Descriptive statisticsa Malnutrition risk scoreb
(n = 234) (MNA®-SF)
Total Not at risk (n = 62) At risk (n = 109) Prevalence ratio (95% CI) p value
Dental status n (%)
 Dentate 46 (19.7) 13 (28.3) 33 (71.7) 1  
 Edentulous 51 (21.8) 13 (25.5) 38 (74.5) 0.95 (0.84–1.07) 0.384
 Dental appliance 137 (58.5) 36 (26.3) 101 (73.7) 1.00 (0.91–1.09) 0.956
Dysphagia risk
 EAT-10 score (mean ± SD)c 3.0 ± 5.8 1.4 ± 2.2 3.6 ± 6.5 0.98 (0.97–0.99) < 0.0001**
BMI
 (mean ± SD) 24.7 ± 5.3 27.4 ± 5.2 23.7 ± 5.0 1.02 (1.02–1.03) < 0.0001**
Muscle strength
 Hand grip, kg (mean ± SD)d 14.5 ± 7.0 16.0 ± 7.5 13.9 ± 6.7 1.01 (1.00–1.02) 0.006**
Requires help with ADL n (%)
 No 77 (32.9) 25 (32.5) 52 (67.5) 1  
 Yes 157 (67.1) 37 (23.6) 120 (76.4) 0.93 (0.86–1.00) 0.061
Cognitive status
 MoCA score (mean ± SD)e 18.5 ± 5.8 20.3 ± 5.4 17.8 ± 5.8 1.01 (1.00–1.02) 0.025**
Number of medications
 (mean ± SD) 7.5 ± 4.4 7.1 ± 3.5 7.7 ± 4.6 1.00 (0.99–1.01) 0.537
Number of comorbidities
 (mean ± SD) 5.7 ± 2.7 5.6 ± 2.9 5.7 ± 2.7 1.00 (0.98–1.02) 0.683
Nutrition supplements n (%)
 Takingf 82 (35.0) 25 (30.5) 57 (69.5) 1  
 Not taking 152 (65.0) 37 (24.3) 115 (75.7) 0.95 (0.87–1.02) 0.163
  1. MNA®-SF Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form, EAT-10 Eating Assessment Tool, BMI body mass index, ADL activities of daily living, MoCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment
  2. aDescriptive statistics for continuous data were presented as mean ± standard deviation (SD) and categorical data presented as frequencies (n) and percentages (%)
  3. bPoisson regression with robust variance estimation. Each parameter was adjusted for age, gender, ethnicity, number of comorbidities and medications; PR (95% CI) ** p value significant at p < 0.05
  4. cMissing data n = 2
  5. dMissing data n = 66
  6. eMissing data n = 69
  7. fAverage number of supplements taken n = 1