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Table 2 Factors associated with frequent pain. Results of the multinomial logistic regression analysis. Reference group: no frequent pain

From: Frequent pain in older people with and without diabetes – Finnish community based study

  Pain more often than once a week RRRa (95% CI:) P-value Pain daily or continuously RRRa (95% CI:) P-value
Women
 Diabetes 1.09 (0.67 to 1.75) 0.73 1.44 (0.84 to 2.47) 0.18
 Age / 1-SD 0.90 (0.70 to 1.15) 0.39 0.98 (0.74 to 1.30) 0.89
 GDS-15 / 1-SD 1.49 (1.11 to 1.98) 0.007 1.96 (1.44 to 2.65) < 0.001
 Kasari-FIT Index / 1-SD 0.98 (0.76 to 1.26) 0.85 0.84 (0.61 to 1.14) 0.26
 AUDIT-C / 1-SD 1.18 (0.94 to 1.48) 0.16 1.24 (0.95 to 1.63) 0.12
 Smoking 1.04 (0.35 to 3.04) 0.95 0.94 (0.26 to 3.41) 0.93
 Number of comorbidities 1.52 (1.28 to 1.82) < 0.001 1.93 (1.59 to 2.35) < 0.001
Men
 Diabetes 0.92 (0.56 to 1.52) 0.74 1.15 (0.64 to 2.07) 0.64
 Age / 1-SD 1.04 (0.80 to 1.34) 0.78 1.12 (0.82 to 1.51) 0.48
 GDS-15 / 1-SD 1.34 (1.00 to 1.79) 0.047 2.12 (1.56 to 2.87) < 0.001
 Kasari-FIT Index / 1-SD 0.85 (0.65 to 1.12) 0.25 1.27 (0.92 to 1.74) 0.14
 AUDIT-C / 1-SD 1.16 (0.90 to 1.48) 0.24 1.04 (0.77 to 1.41) 0.80
 Smoking 1.19 (0.60 to 2.38) 0.62 0.49 (0.18 to 1.37) 0.17
 Number of comorbidities 1.49 (1.22 to 1.82) < 0.001 1.84 (1.47 to 2.30) < 0.001
  1. SD Standard deviation, GDS-15 Geriatric Depression Scale, Kasari-FIT index person’s level of physical activity (Frequency, Intensity, Time), AUDIT-C Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test
  2. aRelative Risk Ratio