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Table 5 Characteristics of a trial on occupational therapy

From: Health economic evaluations of non-pharmacological interventions for persons with dementia and their informal caregivers: a systematic review

Study, country Type of study and economic evaluation Time horizon C: Cost
H: Health outcome
Study population, Number of participants IG: Intervention group CG: Control group Outcome measures (measures of benefit) Cost data; source Perspective Results
Gitlin [23] US, 2010 RCT
CEA
C: 4 months;
H: 4 months
Caregivers of PwDs with a MMSE score < 24, mild to moderate dementia and showed at least one behavioral symptom;
Caregivers living with the PwD, providing at least 4 h of daily care
▪ 60 randomized dyads
IG: Tailored home-based activity program delivered by occupational therapists with 8 sessions of occupational therapy over 4-month consisting of the assessment of patient’s abilities, caregiver communication & home environment. Development of three activities tailored to patient capabilities.
CG: Wait-list control group that did not receive any study-related contact.
Two items from the Caregiver Vigilance Scale:
(1) number of hours per day the caregiver is actually doing things for the PwD (2) number of hours per day the caregiver feels the need to be there or on duty to care for the PwD
Total average intervention cost Perspective of the individual caregiver Intervention caregivers saved:
(1) one extra hour per day doing things for the PwD at a cost of $2.37/day
(2) one extra hour per day feeling the need to be there or on duty to care for the PwD at a cost of $1.10/day.
  1. CEA = Cost-effectiveness analysis, MMSE = Mini-Mental State Examination, PwD = Person with dementia; RCT = Randomized controlled trial