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Table 2 Gait pattern analysis

From: Gait pattern in patients with peripheral artery disease

Comparison I.
Patients with PAD - before pain
II.
Patients with PAD - after pain
III. Control group - no pain P value
I vs. III II vs. III I vs. II
Support phase overall [%] 62.5 ± 6.6 62.7 ± 6.0 62.2 ± 6.8 0.893T 0.830T 0.801T
Support phase – affected limb [%] 62.7 ± 6.6 63.0 ± 6.6 0.805T
Support phase – less affected/healthy limb [%] 62.5 ± 6.6 62.4 ± 5.8 0.987T
Swing phase overall [%] 36.8 ± 6.4 36.3 ± 6.1 36.0 ± 6.5 0.741T 0.824U 0.777W
Swing phase – affected limb [%] 36.9 ± 6.4 36.4 ± 6.4 0.667T
Swing phase – less affected/healthy limb [%] 36.6 ± 6.4 36.3 ± 6.3 0.748T
Single support overall [%] 35.7 ± 5.4 35.2 ± 5.7 35.4 ± 6.6 0.980U 0.980U 0.683W
Single support – affected limb [%] 35.1 ± 6.4 34.9 ± 5.7 0.776W
Swing phase – less affected/healthy limb [%] 36.3 ± 5.6 35.6 ± 6.3 0.605W
Double support [%] 29.4 ± 10.7 31.1 ± 9.9 29.7 ± 13.3 1.000T 0.824U 0.162W
Step length overall [cm] 52.6 ± 12.5 53.3 ± 13.3 72.8 ± 18.5 0.008T 0.006U 0.690W
Step length - affected limb [cm] 54.2 ± 13.6 53.0 ± 13.2 0.265W
Step length – less affected/healthy limb [cm] 52.9 ± 13.9 53.5 ± 13.6 0.670W
Walking speed [m/s] 0.5 ± 0.1 0.5 ± 0.2 0.6 ± 0.09 0.155U 0.141U 0.916W
Cadence [number of steps/min] 63.2 ± 21.7 63.9 ± 23.5 53.0 ± 21.1 0.245T 0.230T 0.664T
Gait cycle [s] 1.8 ± 0.5 1.8 ± 0.5 2.0 ± 0.5 0.389T 0.570U 0.469 W
  1. Tests for independent variables (comparing I vs. III and II vs. II): Student’s t-test: T, and Mann-Whitney U test: U
  2. Tests for dependent variables (comparing II vs. II): Student’s t-test: T, and Wilcoxon test: W
  3. PAD Peripheral Artery Disease