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Table 3 Association between frailty score variants, wellbeing, self-reported health, and ADL impairment in HAALSI. Allowing some missing data

From: Prevalence and correlates of frailty in an older rural African population: findings from the HAALSI cohort study

Frailty score variant   > = 1 ADL impairment (%) Mean self-reported health score (SD) Mean subjective wellbeing score (SD)
1 Non-frail 232/4466 (5.2) 2.22 (0.98) 6.87 (2.34)
  Frail 177/370* (47.8) 3.33* (1.14) 5.24* (2.49)
  Unable to calculate 67/206* (32.5) 2.81* (1.18) 5.93* (2.59)
2 Non-frail 241/4444 (5.4) 2.23 (0.98) 6.86 (2.35)
  Frail 180/410* (43.9) 3.25* (1.18) 5.49* (2.55)
  Unable to calculate 55/188* (29.3) 2.69* (1.14) 6.09* (2.66)
3 Non-frail 276/4473 (6.2) 2.24 (0.98) 6.85 (2.33)
  Frail 114/334* (34.1) 3.14* (1.23) 5.62* (2.77)
  Unable to calculate 86/235* (36.6) 2.87* (1.18) 5.90* (2.70)
4 Non-frail 228/4456 (5.1) 2.22 (0.98) 6.87 (2.34)
  Frail 170/359* (47.4) 3.27* (1.16) 5.25* (2.52)
  Unable to calculate 78/227* (34.4) 2.87* (1.19) 5.93* (2.62)
5 Non-frail 248/4549 (5.5) 2.23 (0.98) 6.85 (2.35)
  Frail 161/287* (56.1) 3.42* (1.14) 5.17* (2.56)
  Unable to calculate 67/206* (32.5) 2.87* (1.19) 5.91* (2.62)
6 Non-frail 207/4215 (4.9) 2.20 (0.97) 6.94 (2.32)
  Frail 223/665* (33.5) 3.04* (1.16) 5.36* (2.41)
  Unable to calculate 46/162* (28.4) 2.73* (1.13) 6.27* (2.62)
7 Non-frail 223/4328 (5.2) 2.22 (0.98) 6.90 (2.35)
  Frail 201/540* (37.2) 3.06* (1.17) 5.45* (2.40)
  Unable to calculate 52/174* (29.9) 2.82* (1.15) 6.15* (2.63)
8 Non-frail 239/4372 (5.5) 2.24 (0.99) 6.86 (2.35)
  Frail 70/286* (24.5) 2.83* (1.11) 5.78* (2.34)
  Unable to calculate 167/384* (43.5) 2.95* (1.27) 5.86* (2.72)
9 Non-frail 228/4313 (5.3) 2.23 (0.98) 6.88 (2.35)
  Frail 82/333* (24.6) 2.90* (1.08) 5.75* (2.37)
  Unable to calculate 166/396* (41.9) 2.92* (1.25) 5.86* (2.70)
  1. ADL Activity of Daily Living
  2. *p < 0.05 vs non-frail