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Table 4 Standardized effects of the variables on depression in the final model (Fig. 2)

From: Determinants of depression in primary caregivers of disabled older relatives: a path analysis

  Direct effects Indirect effects Total effects
Perceived burden .42** .00 .42*
Beliefs of obligation .00 −.21* −.21*
Social pressure .21** .00 .21*
Behavioural problems .17** .11* .28*
Independence for the ADL .00 −.11* −.11*
  1. Notes. The level of significance of indirect effects and total effects is calculated by bootstrapping. ADL refers to the basic activities of daily living
  2. **p < .01. *p < .05