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Table 1 Prevalence estimates of diabetes mellitus and hypertension based on diagnosis and prescription used to treat each respective disorder in a cohort of older people with intellectual disability (ID) and a referent sample in the general population (gPop)

From: Prevalence and treatment of diabetes mellitus and hypertension among older adults with intellectual disability in comparison with the general population

  All (n = 7936 in each cohort) Women (n = 3609 in each cohort) Men (n = 4327 in each cohort)  
gPop ID ID vs gPop gPop ID ID vs gPop gPop ID ID vs gPop  
n (%) n (%) RR (95% CI) n (%) n (%) RR (95% CI) n (%) n (%) RR (95% CI) p
Diabetes mellitus
 Diagnosis (all) 616 (8) 741 (9) 1.20 (1.08–1.34) 207 (6) 350 (10) 1.69 (1.42–2.01) 409 (9) 391 (9) 0.96 (0.831.10) <0.001
 Diagnosis (insulin-dependent) 174 (2) 182 (2) 1.05 (0.85–1.29) 67 (2) 78 (2) 1.16 (0.84–1.61) 107 (2) 104 (2) 0.97 (0.74–1.27) 0.40
 Diagnosis (non-insulin-dependent) 546 (7) 664 (8) 1.22 (1.09–1.36) 186 (5) 311 (9) 1.67 (1.39–2.01) 360 (8) 353 (8) 0.98 (0.851.14) <0.001
 Prescription 805 (10) 1013 (13) 1.26 (1.15–1.38) 273 (8) 487 (13) 1.78 (1.54–2.07) 532 (12) 526 (12) 0.99 (0.881.12) <0.001
 Diagnosis and prescription 541 (7) 671 (8) 1.24 (1.11–1.29) 179 (5) 314 (9) 1.75 (1.46–2.11) 362 (8) 357 (8) 0.99 (0.85–1.14) <0.001
 Diagnosis and/or prescription 880 (11) 1083 (14) 1.23 (1.13–1.35) 301 (8) 523 (14) 1.74 (1.51–2.00) 579 (13) 560 (13) 0.97 (0.861.09) <0.001
Hypertension
 Diagnosis 1487 (19) 814 (10) 0.55 (0.50–0.60) 629 (17) 358 (10) 0.57 (0.50–0.65) 858 (20) 456 (11) 0.53 (0.47–0.60) 0.44
 Prescription 3812 (48) 3501 (44) 0.92 (0.88–0.96) 1715 (48) 1689 (47) 0.99 (0.92–1.05) 2097 (48) 1812 (42) 0.86 (0.81–0.92) 0.005
 Diagnosis and prescription 1457 (19) 795 (10) 0.55 (0.50–0.60) 516 (17) 348 (10) 0.57 (0.50–0.64) 841 (19) 447 (10) 0.53 (0.47–0.60) 0.49
 Diagnosis and/or prescription 3842 (48) 3520 (44) 0.92 (0.88–0.96) 1728 (48) 1699 (47) 0.98 (0.92–1.05) 2114 (49) 1821 (42) 0.86 (0.81–0.92) 0.005
  1. Statistically significant results are marked in bold
  2. RR relative risk, CI confidence interval, ID intellectual disability, gPop general population, p p-value for interaction between sex and cohort