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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the total sample, ART and control group

From: Feasibility of a multi-modal exercise program on cognition in older adults with Type 2 diabetes – a pilot randomised controlled trial

Characteristics, mean, SD unless indicated Total (n = 50) ART intervention (n = 26) Control (n = 24)
Age, years 66.2 4.91 65.3 5.0 67.1 4.8
Female, n (%) 24 (48.0) 15 (57.7) 9 (37.5)
Body mass index, kg/m2 30.9 4.87 31.1 5.2 30.7 4.7
Years of education, n (%) 12.6 (3.4) 13.3 (3.6) 11.8 (3.1)
HbA1c, % 6.8 1.1 6.8 1.2 6.8 1.0
Fasting glucose, mmol/L 8.3 2.6 8.5 3.0 8.1 2.1
Fasting insulin, mU/L 19.1 20.6 17.8 19.5 20.6 22.2
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 117.6 12.2 117.2 10.1 118.0 14.5
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 77.6 10.4 77.9 8.0 77.3 12.8
VO2max, L/min 21.6 4.8 22.0 5.1 21.1 4.5
Self-reported medical history
 Hypertension, n (%)a 44 (88.0) 21 (80.8) 23 (95.8)
 Insulin use, n (%) 10 (20.0) 6 (23.1) 4 (16.7)
 High Cholesterol, n (%) 42 (84.0) 21 (80.8) 21 (87.5)
 Myocardial infarction, n (%)* 2 (4.1) 0 (0.0) 2 (8.3)
 Years since Type 2 Diabetes diagnosis 12.6 7.1 11.8 7.6 13.3 6.5
  1. ART aerobic and resistance training, HbA1c glycated hemoglobin, SPPB short physical performance battery
  2. *one participant had missing data
  3. aHypertension: self-reported hypertension or SBPmmHg > 140