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Table 1 Correlation analysis of comorbidity and mortality in more than 65-year-old patients, N = 6729 (match 1:4)

From: Leading Comorbidity associated with 30-day post-anesthetic mortality in geriatric surgical patients in Taiwan: a retrospective study from the health insurance data

Comorbidity Non-Death
(N = 5823)
Death
(N = 1401)
P
n % n %
Age(mean,sd) 76.72 7.08 78.08 7.41 <.0001
Sex(Male) 3563 66.87 855 61.03 <.0001
Ischemic heart disease
 Acute myocardial infarction 66 1.24 68 4.85 <.0001
 Coronary atherosclerosis of native coronary artery 661 12.41 251 17.92 <.0001
 Hypertension 1556 29.2 616 43.97 <.0001
Heart failure
 Heart failure 232 4.35 155 11.06 <.0001
 Cardiogenic shock 106 1.99 66 4.71 <.0001
Vascular disease
 Arterial embolism and thrombosis of lower extremity 39 0.73 26 1.86 0.0002
 Gangrene 106 1.99 66 4.71 <.0001
Respiratory disease
 Pneumonia, organism unspecified 339 6.36 165 11.78 <.0001
 Pneumonitis due to inhalation of food or vomitus 61 1.14 18 1.28 0.7694
 Empyema, without mention of fistula 13 0.24 9 0.64 0.0393
 Chronic bronchitis 471 8.84 162 11.56 0.0022
 Pleurisy, unspecified pleural effusion 27 0.51 12 0.86 0.1812
 Pulmonary insufficiency following trauma and surgery 263 4.94 88 6.28 0.0515
Disease of liver and biliary tract
 Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis 260 4.88 97 6.92 0.003
Disease of GI system
 Gastric ulcer, chronic or unspecified with hemorrhage 303 5.69 141 10.06 <.0001
 Acute vascular insufficiency of intestine 21 0.39 30 2.14 <.0001
 Intestinal or peritoneal adhesions with obstruction 133 2.5 52 3.71 0.0171
 Hemorrhage of gastrointestinal tract 77 1.45 64 4.57 <.0001
 Gastric ulcer,chronic or unspecified with perforation 303 5.69 141 10.06 <.0001
 Duodenal ulcer, chronic or unspecified with perforation 164 3.08 93 6.64 <.0001
 Peptic ulcer, site unspecified, chronic or unspecified with perforation 482 9.05 181 12.92 <.0001
 Acute appendicitis, with generalized peritonitis 60 1.13 11 0.79 0.3348
 Peritonitis 9 0.17 20 1.43 <.0001
 Perforation of intestine 59 1.11 37 2.64 <.0001
Urinary disease
 Tuberculosis of ureter, tubercle bacilli found 52 0.98 48 3.43 <.0001
 Unspecified hypertensive renal disease with renal failure 58 1.09 27 1.93 0.0180
 Acute renal failure 50 0.94 28 2 0.0016
 Chronic renal failure 206 3.87 159 11.35 <.0001
 Hydronephrosis 31 0.58 9 0.64 0.9465
 Calculus of ureter 227 4.26 27 1.93 <.0001
 Urinary tract infection, site not specified 662 12.42 239 17.06 <.0001
 Hypertrophy (benign) of prostate 948 17.79 214 15.27 0.0293
 Endocrine disease 845 15.86 377 26.91 <.0001
Musculoskeletal disease
 Decubitus ulcer 94 1.76 50 3.57 <.0001
 Spinal stenosis, lumbar region 1091 20.48 329 23.48 0.0156
 Pathologic fracture of vertebrae 334 6.27 101 7.21 0.2253
 Fracture of intertrochanteric section of femur 388 7.28 157 11.21 <.0001
Infectious disease
 Unspecified septicemia 62 1.16 12 0.86 0.4026
 Necrotizing fasciitis 93 1.75 42 3 0.0041
 Bacteremia 41 0.77 12 0.86 0.8744
CVA or trauma
 Obstructive hydrocephalus 91 1.71 28 2 0.5349
 Other conditions of brain 16 0.3 9 0.64 0.1039
 Subarachnoid hemorrhage 16 0.3 25 1.78 <.0001
 Intracerebral hemorrhage 106 1.99 82 5.85 <.0001
 Subdural hemorrhage 70 1.31 14 1 0.4189
 Unspecified cerebral artery occlusion with cerebral infarction 382 7.17 170 12.13 <.0001
 Other shock without mention of trauma 106 1.99 66 4.71 <.0001
 Other and unspecified cerebral laceration 24 0.45 16 1.14 0.0051
 Subarachnoid hemorrhage following injury 128 2.4 84 6 <.0001
 Other and unspecified intracranial hemorrhage 20 0.38 13 0.93 0.0155
 Fracture of vault of skull, closed 6 0.11 6 0.43 0.0327
 Fracture of base of skull, closed 11 0.21 12 0.86 0.0006
Cancer
 Malignant neoplasm of tongue, unspecified 10 0.19 1 0.07 0.5570
 Malignant neoplasm of cheek mucosa 19 0.36 7 0.5 0.5989
 Malignant neoplasm of nasopharynx, unspecified 8 0.15 3 0.21 0.8761
 Malignant neoplasm of hypopharynx, unspecified 8 0.15 1 0.07 0.7588
 Malignant neoplasm of upper third of esophagus 12 0.23 9 0.64 0.0263
 Malignant neoplasm of pyloric antrum of stomach 66 1.24 29 2.07 0.0265
 Malignant neoplasm of sigmoid colon 175 3.28 52 3.71 0.4810
 Malignant neoplasm of recto sigmoid junction 125 2.35 33 2.36 1.0000
 Malignant neoplasm of liver, primary 59 1.11 43 3.07 <.0001
 Malignant neoplasm of head of pancreas 16 0.3 13 0.93 0.0031
 Malignant neoplasm of upper lobe, bronchus or lung 52 0.98 48 3.43 <.0001
 Malignant neoplasm of female breast, unspecified 47 0.88 5 0.36 0.0678
 Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri, unspecified 29 0.54 4 0.29 0.3082
 Malignant neoplasm of ovary 2 0.04 3 0.21 0.1079
 Malignant neoplasm of prostate 103 1.93 23 1.64 0.5449
 Malignant neoplasm of bladder, part unspecified 131 2.46 33 2.36 0.9000
 Secondary and unspecified malignant neoplasm of lymph nodes of head, face 6 0.11 2 0.14 1.0000
 Secondary malignant neoplasm of lung 21 0.39 11 0.79 0.0940
 Secondary malignant neoplasm of skin 26 0.49 25 1.78 <.0001
Other diseases
 Encounter for chemotherapy 48 0.9 42 3 <.0001
 Mechanical complication of other vascular device, implant and graft 150 2.82 55 3.93 0.0390