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Table 2 Prevalence of cognitive impairment (SMMSE <24) based on frailty status

From: Measuring frailty in clinical practice: a comparison of physical frailty assessment methods in a geriatric out-patient clinic

  Prevalence of cognitive impairment based on Fried’s phenotype method
n (%)
Prevalence of cognitive impairment based on SPPB
n (%)
Frail 23/39 (59%) 31/55 (56%)
Pre-frail 32/62 (52%) 19/38 (50%)
Non-frail 6/9 (67%) 8/16 (50%)
  1. Cut-offs used: Fried’s phenotype method: Frail- 3 or more criteria, Pre-frail- 1–2 criteria, Non-frail- 0 criteria. SPPB: Frail- ≤6, Pre-frail- 7–9, Non-frail- 10–12
  2. Abbreviation: SPPB Short Performance Physical Battery