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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the study population

From: Predictors of self-reported health among the elderly in Ghana: a cross sectional study

Variables Frequency (n) Percent (%)
SRH
 Good health 2034 79.9
 Poor health 579 20.1
Age
 60–69 1204 45.1
 70–79 983 37.6
 Above 80 426 16.3
Sex
 Male 1314 50.3
 Female 1299 49.7
Marital Status
 Never married 27 1.0
 Married/co-habiting 1268 48.8
 Separated/divorced 351 13.5
 Widowed 950 36.6
Education Level
 No formal education 1726 66.4
 Primary 443 17.0
 Secondary 359 13.8
 Tertiary 73 2.8
Work status
 Never worked 47 1.8
 Public 219 8.4
 Private 82 3.2
 Informal 2254 86.6
Health insurance
 Uninsured 1482 56.7
 Insured 1131 43.3
Chronic condition
 Chronic condition 1665 63.9
 One chronic condition 619 23.8
 More than one condition 320 12.3
Income quintile
 Lowest 1106 42.4
 Middle 530 20.3
 High 973 37.3
Locality
 Urban 1012 38.7
 Rural 1601 61.3
Subjective wellbeing
 Satisfied 894 34.21
 Not satisfied 1719 65.79
Quality of life
 Good 1040 39.8
 Poor 1573 60.2
Functional limitation
 Not functionally limited 1328 50.8
 Functionally Limited 1285 49.2
Disability
 Not disabled 1622 62.1
 Disabled 991 37.9
Physical activity
 None 1999 76.6
 Moderate exercise 330 23.4
Tobacco Use
 Never used 2035 77.9
 Previously used 283 10.8
 Currently use 295 11.3
Alcohol
 Non-drinker 1243 47.6
 Previous drinker 632 24.2
 Current drinker 738 28.2
Region
 Upper West 273 2.9
 Western 294 11.3
 Central 281 10.8
 Ashanti 390 14.9
 Brong Ahafo 252 9.6
 Northern 247 9.5
 Upper East 174 6.7
 Greater Accra 76 10.4
 Eastern 360 13.8
 Volta 266 10.2