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Table 1 Characteristics of the dually eligible older adults in the population studied

From: Food assistance is associated with decreased nursing home admissions for Maryland’s dually eligible older adults

  2012 (n = 53,646)
Variable Receiving SNAPc Not Receiving SNAPc Total p value
(n = 28,628) (53.4%) (n = 25,018) (46.6%)    
Age        p < 0.001
 65–69 7305 29% 7367 26% 14,672 27%  
 70–74 4406 18% 7215 25% 11,621 22%  
 75–79 4164 17% 5812 20% 9976 19%  
 80–84 3693 15% 4405 15% 8098 15%  
  ≥ 85 5450 22% 3829 13% 9279 17%  
Gender        p = 0.0105
 Female 19,955 70% 17,183 69% 37,138 69%  
 Male 8673 30% 7835 31% 16,508 31%  
Race/Ethnicity        p < 0.001
 Black 10,191 36% 7513 30% 17,704 33%  
 Caucasian 10,560 37% 10,474 42% 21,034 39%  
 Hispanic 1694 6% 1175 5% 2869 5%  
 Other 4281 15% 2554 10% 6835 13%  
 Unknown 1902 7% 3302 13% 5204 10%  
HCBSa Waiver Status        p = 0.361
 No 24,903 87% 21,829 87% 46,732 87%  
 Yes 3725 13% 3189 13% 6914 13%  
Has QMB/SLMBb        p < 0.001
 No 16,984 59% 14,363 57% 31,347 58%  
 Yes 11,644 41% 10,655 43% 22,299 42%  
Received Medicaid through Spenddown        p < 0.001
 No 28,207 99% 24,516 98% 52,723 98%  
 Yes 421 1% 502 2% 923 2%  
Mean Number of Chronic Conditions 2.6   2.9   2.8   p < 0.001
Admitted to nursing facility        p < 0.001
 No 26,486 93% 19,808 79% 46,294 86%  
 Yes 2142 7% 5210 21% 7352 14%  
  1. aHome & Community Based Services
  2. bQMB – Qualified Medicare Beneficiary; SLMB – Specified Low-Income Medicare Beneficiary
  3. cSNAP – Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program