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Table 1 Characterization of 509 men and 567 women aged 70–77 years participating in the study

From: Absolute and relative accelerometer thresholds for determining the association between physical activity and metabolic syndrome in the older adults: The Generation-100 study

Characteristics All (n = 1076) Men (n = 509) Women (n = 567)
Age 72.5 ± 2.1 72.4 ± 2.1 72.5 ± 2.1
MetSa, (%) 38.0 42.8* 34.2
Waist circumference (cm) 89.3 ± 10 88.3 ± 10.7* 91.0 ± 10.8
Elevated waist circumference, (%) 80.5 77.9 77.4
Triglycerides (mmol·L−1) 1.13 ± 0.54 1.16 ± 0.57* 1.10 ± 0.52
Elevated triglycerides or drug treatment, (%) 20.6 24.8 16.9
HDL-cholesterol (mmol·L−1) 1.74 ± 0.50 1.56 ± 0.44* 1.90 ± 0.50
Reduced HDL-cholesterol, (%) 14.7 16.1 13.5
Blood pressure (mmHg)
 Systolic 133 ± 1 132 ± 16 134 ± 19
 Diastolic 75 ± 9 77 ± 9* 73 ± 9
Elevated blood pressure or drug treatment (%) 67.2 68.2 66.3
Fasting glucose (mg·dL−1) 5.67 ± 0.88 5.85 ± 0.98* 5.51 ± 0.77
Elevated fasting glucose or drug treatment (%) 52.7 61.4 44.6
History of cardiovascular diseaseb (%) 19.2 25.9* 13.2
Currently smoking (%) 7.6 8.3 7.0
Alcohol use (units∙week−1) 3.5 ± 3.7 4.2 ± 4.2* 2.9 ± 2.9
Absolute intensity moderate- to vigorous physical activity (min·day−1) 18.8 ± 20.1 19.5 ± 21.4 18.3 ± 18.8
Meeting absolute intensity moderate-to-vigorous physical activity recommendation (%)c 33.8 33.9 33.6
Relative intensity moderate- to vigorous physical activity (min·day−1) 44.0 ± 35.2 33.9 ± 27.3* 53.1 ± 38.9
Meeting relative moderate- to vigorous intensity physical activity recommendation (%)c 75.2 67.3* 82.2
Absolute intensity moderate physical activity (min·day−1) 16.8 ± 18.2 16.2 ± 18.3 17.3 ± 18.1
Meeting absolute moderate intensity physical activity recommendation (%)c 30.4 28.6 32.5
Relative intensity moderate physical activity (min·day−1) 2.6 ± 9.1 1.8 ± 6.3 3.3 ± 11.1
Meeting relative intensity moderate intensity physical activity recommendation (%)c 3.4 1.2* 5.6
Absolute intensity vigorous physical activity (min·day−1) 0.8 ± 3.7 1.4 ± 5.2* 0.1 ± 0.8
Meeting absolute vigorous intensity physical activity recommendation (%)d 1.7 3.4* 0.2
Relative intensity vigorous physical activity (min·day−1) 27.0 ± 23.2 24.1 ± 22.6* 29.8 ± 23.4
Meeting relative vigorous intensity physical activity recommendation (%)d 72.4 67.1* 77.4
Peak oxygen uptake (mL·kg−1·min−1) 28.9 ± 6.6 31.7 ± 6.7* 26.4 ± 5.1
  1. Numbers are means ± standard deviation unless otherwise specified
  2. *Statistically significant differences between sexes (p < 0.05)
  3. aMetS: Metabolic syndrome risk factor clustering was defined as the presence of at least 3 of the following 5 risk factors: elevated waist circumference (being ≥80 cm in women and ≥94 cm in men); elevated triglycerides (being ≥1.7 mmol·L-1); reduced HDL-cholesterol (being ≤1.3 mmol·L-1 in women and ≤1.0 mmol·L-1 in men); elevated blood pressure (systolic ≥130 mmHg and/or diastolic ≥85 mmHg); and elevated fasting glucose (being ≥100 mg·dL-1).
  4. bHistory of CVD was determined with current or former prevalence of myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, other heart diseases and/or stroke.
  5. cHaving ≥ 150 min per week moderate to vigorous or moderate intensity in bouts of at least 10 min = meeting absolute or relative moderate to vigorous or moderate PA recommendation
  6. dHaving ≥ 75 min per week in bouts of at least 5 min = meeting absolute or relative vigorous PA recommendation