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Table 3 Percentage of population ever been diagnosed with depression across the explanatory variables, World Health Survey 2002–03

From: Physical inactivity and self-reported depression among middle- and older-aged population in South Asia: World health survey

Variables Bangladesh (n = 30, 2.5) India (n = 413, 17.7) Nepal (n = 727, 38.7) Sri Lanka (n = 33, 2)
Age Mean
 50–59 60.0 47.0 49.9 66.7
 60–69 23.3 35.8 30.7 15.2
 70+ 16.7 17.2 19.4 18.2
p 0.377 0.484 0.324 0.262
Sex
 Female 56.7 53.0 48.6 63.6
 Male 43.3 47.0 51.4 36.4
p 0.241 0.1 <0.0001 0.125
Currently married
 Yes 23.3 28.8 26.3 24.2
 No 76.7 71.2 73.7 75.8
p 0.132 0.213 0.208 0.318
Educational attainment
 Nil 40.0 55.0 82.7 15.2
 Primary school 46.7 25.9 11.1 30.3
 Secondary complete 3.3 12.6 5.2 51.5
 Pre-university/University 10.0 6.5 1.0 3.0
p 0.032 0.471 0.218 0.362
Job
 Govt. employee 6.7 2.9 2.1 3.0
 Private employee 0 8.0 1.1 6.1
 Employer 40.0 33.2 59.8 42.4
 Not working for payment 53.3 55.9 37.0 48.5
p 0.502 0.158 0.116 0.715
Smoking habit
 Daily 30.0 34.4 50.1 12.1
 Yes, not daily 10.0 1.0 4.7 6.1
 Non-smoker 60.0 64.6 45.3 81.8
p 0.177 <0.0001 0.082 0.465
Ever drank alcohol
 Yes 16.7 12.1 40.7 15.2
 No 83.3 87.9 59.3 84.8
p 0.137 0.422 0.338 0.301
Days of moderate physical activity
 0 63.3 23.5 62.9 24.2
 1–2 10.0 6.5 7.4 3.0
 3–4 10.0 9.0 8.7 9.1
 5–6 3.3 12.8 3.3 9.1
 7 13.3 48.2 17.7 54.5
p <0.0001 0.183 0.189 0.1
Days of vigorous physical activity
 0 36.7 58.4 21.7 51.5
 1–2 23.3 7.7 4.5 9.1
 3–4 20.0 5.6 5.9 15.2
 5–6 13.3 10.2 6.1 6.1
 7 6.7 18.2 61.8 18.2
p 0.070 0.227 0.123 0.030