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Table 2 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Integrated care at home reduces unnecessary hospitalizations of community-dwelling frail older adults: a prospective controlled trial

  Intervention
(N = 122)
Control
(N = 179)
P value
Baseline characteristics
 Female 78/122 (63.9%) 120/179 (67.0%) 0.66
 Age    0.99
  60–79 49 (40.2%) 70 (39.3%)  
  80–89 56 (45.9%) 82 (46.1%)  
  90–100 17 (13.9%) 26 (14.6%)  
  Mean (sd) 81.8 (8.2) 81.9 (8.2) 0.85
 Live alone 32/121 (26.4%) 57/173 (32.9%) 0.29
 ADL (0–6), mean (sd) 1.2 (1.6) 1.1 (1.4) 0.52
 IADL (0–8), mean (sd) 5.7 (1.8) 5.4 (2.0) 0.23
 Perceived health as poor 52/104 (50.0%) 65/161 (40.4%) 0.16
 Psychotropic medications 76/112 (67.9%) 93/137 (67.9%) 0.90
 Analgesics (opioid + non opioid) 67/115 (58.3%) 79/143 (55.2%) 0.72
 BMI <21 25/107 (23.4%) 29/135 (21.5%) 0.85
Alarms (RAI-HC instrument)
 Number of alarms (range 1–4) 2.1 (0.9) 2.1 (0.9) 0.59
 Cognition 61/122 (50.0%) 88/179 (49.2%) 0.98
 Falls 89/122 (73.0%) 132/179 (73.7%) 0.98
 Social isolation 65/122 (53.3%) 87/179 (48.6%) 0.50
 Frailty of informal caregiver 46/122 (37.7%) 66/179 (36.9%) 0.98
 CA SCORE    
  1–5 (mild-moderate frailty) 92/122 (75.4%) 135/179 (75.4%) 0.89
  6–9 (severe frailty) 30/122 (24.6%) 44/179 (24.6%)  
Diagnoses
 Cardiac disease 51/113 (45.1%) 54/159 (34.0%) 0.08
 Degenerative joint disease 59/113 (52.2%) 97/160 (60.6%) 0.21
 Diabetes 28/109 (25.7%) 34/153 (22.2%) 0.61
 Obstructive pulmonary disease 27/110 (24.5%) 27/156 (17.3%) 0.20
 Cancer 26/112 (23.2%) 39/155 (25.2%) 0.82
 Depression 46/108 (42.6%) 55/158 (34.8%) 0.25
 Dementia 30/110 (27.3%) 39/156 (25.0%) 0.78
 Stroke 19/105 (18.1%) 28/153 (18.3%) 0.90
 Chronic renal failure 19/108 (17.6%) 16/152 (10.5%) 0.14
 Urinary incontinence 47/121 (38.8%) 57/176 (32.4%) 0.31
 Chronic pain 55/87 (63.2%) 75/111 (67.6%) 0.62
 Visual impairment 52/110 (47.3%) 63/157 (40.1%) 0.30
  1. Results are reported by counts and percentages or by means and standard deviation (sd)
  2. Abbreviations: ADL activities of daily living (score reported is number of deficient activities), IADL instrumental activities of daily living (score reported is number of deficient activities), RAI-HC Resident Assessment Instrument-Home Care, CA Contact assessment score