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Table 3 Second stage IV-2SLS regression for satisfaction with lifea

From: Understanding the value of social networks in life satisfaction of elderly people: a comparative study of 16 European countries using SHARE data

Variables Austria Germany Sweden Netherlands Spain Italy France Denmark Switzerland Belgium Czech Rep. Poland Hungary Portugal Slovenia Estonia
Age 0.056b −0.008 0.121b 0.044 0.078b −0.006 0.033 0.146c −0.027 −0.003 0.064b 0.058 −0.029 0.032 −0.089b −0.054a
  (0.027) (0.065) (0.052) (0.029) (0.037) (0.036) (0.027) (0.035) (0.026) (0.025) (0.031) (0.067) (0.049) (0.068) (0.042) (0.033)
Partner in same hh −0.077 0.072 0.279a 0.058 0.133 0.481c 0.144a 0.072 0.050 0.320c 0.275b 0.110 0.053 −0.217 0.252b 0.104
  (0.125) (0.155) (0.147) (0.104) (0.137) (0.100) (0.079) (0.198) (0.099) (0.073) (0.131) (0.191) (0.153) (0.266) (0.116) (0.115)
ADL −0.294c −0.214c −0.323c −0.223c −0.236c −0.344c −0.160c −0.185c −0.357c −0.197c −0.295c −0.198c −0.317c −0.320c −0.206c −0.282c
  (0.034) (0.055) (0.045) (0.045) (0.033) (0.041) (0.034) (0.062) (0.057) (0.028) (0.038) (0.046) (0.049) (0.051) (0.045) (0.028)
Health index 0.529c 0.608c 0.390c 0.315c 0.630c 0.523c 0.509c 0.354c 0.493c 0.411c 0.636c 0.568c 0.651c 0.537c 0.447c 0.689c
  (0.023) (0.050) (0.029) (0.023) (0.036) (0.029) (0.023) (0.029) (0.024) (0.022) (0.027) (0.055) (0.044) (0.055) (0.035) (0.033)
Income Quintile 2 0.178b 0.377c 0.100 0.051 0.079 0.278c 0.234c 0.196b 0.204c 0.171c −0.010 −0.022 0.397c −0.261 0.101 0.274c
  (0.072) (0.135) (0.108) (0.075) (0.102) (0.088) (0.071) (0.099) (0.070) (0.066) (0.076) (0.150) (0.118) (0.161) (0.105) (0.079)
Income Quintile 3 0.371c 0.455c −0.030 0.145a 0.080 0.263c 0.310c 0.144 0.312c 0.175c −0.006 0.050 0.436c −0.334b 0.233b 0.342c
  (0.074) (0.138) (0.112) (0.076) (0.114) (0.092) (0.073) (0.114) (0.074) (0.067) (0.078) (0.153) (0.121) (0.164) (0.109) (0.083)
Income Quintile 4 0.303c 0.526c 0.017 0.132 0.087 0.283c 0.473c 0.196a 0.268c 0.227c 0.113 0.076 0.363c 0.002 0.343c 0.542c
  (0.078) (0.139) (0.118) (0.081) (0.107) (0.095) (0.076) (0.112) (0.075) (0.070) (0.083) (0.154) (0.131) (0.174) (0.113) (0.080)
Income Quintile 5 0.336c 0.748c −0.013 0.121 0.318c 0.483c 0.528c 0.419c 0.410c 0.204c 0.442c 0.437c 0.690c −0.115 0.560c 0.749c
  (0.085) (0.154) (0.123) (0.081) (0.116) (0.102) (0.080) (0.121) (0.079) (0.068) (0.083) (0.159) (0.130) (0.164) (0.117) (0.082)
Years of education −0.001 −0.023 −0.022b 0.008 0.016b 0.016b 0.015a 0.003 0.005 0.016c 0.045c 0.082c 0.053c 0.065c 0.014 0.006
  (0.005) (0.015) (0.009) (0.008) (0.008) (0.008) (0.008) (0.006) (0.004) (0.006) (0.009) (0.019) (0.018) (0.019) (0.012) (0.008)
Friends share in social network −0.019c −0.013 −0.016b −0.024c −0.029c −0.011b −0.010c −0.019a −0.012c −0.014c −0.014a −0.022 −0.022 −0.045b −0.000 −0.007
  (0.005) (0.008) (0.008) (0.006) (0.009) (0.005) (0.004) (0.010) (0.004) (0.003) (0.008) (0.014) (0.015) (0.021) (0.005) (0.007)
Constant 4.281c 5.468b 2.766 5.492c 2.686b 4.867c 3.439c 1.824 6.792c 5.488c 1.803a 1.901 3.847b 4.626b 8.043c 5.370c
  (0.894) (2.286) (1.802) (0.994) (1.324) (1.231) (0.902) (1.140) (0.868) (0.815) (1.043) (2.362) (1.653) (2.175) (1.433) (1.086)
Observations 5,034 1,499 1,870 2,686 3,359 3,224 5,244 2,163 3,569 4,963 5,619 1,601 2,939 1,941 2,496 6,337
R-squared 0.120 0.165 0.112 −0.126 0.010 0.184 0.138 0.014 0.147 0.090 0.170 0.123 0.158 −0.002 0.141 0.143
Cragg-Donald-Wald F-statistics 30.88c 14.01c 28.10c 30.88c 22.83c 30.98c 55.42c 24.70c 32.27c 29.60c 50.140c 18.28c 40.23c 31.92c 31.92c 21.52c
p-value 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Durbin-Wu-Hausman test 0.322c 14.749c 0.459 11.969c 9.460c 15.138c 2.810a 0.741a 0.069a 2.249 0.865b 0.278 1.006b 0.757a 1.349 0.367
p-value 0.000 0.000 0.497 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.093 0.070 0.079 0.133 0.028 0.597 0.031 0.095 0.245 0.544
Underidentif. test 254.15c 130.08c 247.199c 279.27c 215.29c 284.69c 503.37c 223.98c 297.89c 280.66c 462.25c 151.13c 189.46c 153.21c 151.14c 556.04c
Chi-sq (p-value) 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.278 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
Sargan statistic 14.1762a 13.439 14.049 17.379a 12.635 6.622 17.109b 19.342b 17.849b 4.290c 5.662 9.439 2.308 6.387 2.633 6.579
Chi-sq (p-value) 0.077 0.143 0.012 0.053 0.179 0.674 0.050 0.032 0.037 0.000 0.773 0.306 0.679 0.172 0.621 0.159
  1. Notes: asignificant at 10%; bsignificant at 5%; csignificant at 1%; Standard deviations in parentheses; dInstrumented variable is composition of network (share of reported number of friends over the total number of persons in the network); Other control variables included:, Age squared, Number of cars, Currently residing in a nursery