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Table 3 FRAGIRE pre-grid items distributions between the two measurements (on day 0 and day 3)

From: Development and validation of the FRAGIRE tool for assessment an older person’s risk for frailty

Dimension Measure Item Interpretation Overall population
N = 385
Overall population
N =385
P value
Day 0 Day 3
N % N %
Global health status Health status Q1 Mean ± SD 5.7 ± 1.61 5.6 ± 1.6 .394
Missing 6   14   
Health status compared with people of the same age group Q2 Mean ± SD 5.7 ± 1.8 5.7 ± 1.5 1
Missing 21   25   
More than 5 medications per day Q3 No 165 42.97 163 43.94  
Yes 218 56.77 208 56.06  
Don’t know 1 0.26 0 0 .911
Missing 1   14   
Number of hospitalization within the last 6 months Q4 0 275 72.37 272 73.51  
1–2 times 93 24.47 87 23.51  
More than 2 12 3.16 11 2.97 .944
Missing 5   15   
Psychological General well-being Q5 Mean ± SD 5.9 ± 1.8 5.8 ± 1.7 .436
Missing 4   19   
Spirit Q6 Mean ± SD 5.9 ± 2.2 6.0 ± 1.9 .506
Missing 4   17   
Unhappiness and depression Q7 Not at all 160 41.67 149 40.16  
A little 157 40.89 173 46.63  
Quite a bit 49 12.76 30 8.09  
Very much 18 4.69 19 5.12 .135
Missing 1   14   
Happiness Q8 Not at all 24 6.32 18 4.86  
A little 109 28.68 123 33.24  
Quite a bit 210 55.26 201 54.32  
Very much 37 9.74 28 7.57 .391
Missing 5   15   
Life satisfaction Q9 Not at all 160 41.99 163 44.29  
A little 94 24.67 115 31.25  
Quite a bit 102 26.77 80 21.74  
Very much 25 6.56 10 2.72 .011
Missing 4   17   
Discouragement and sadness Q10 Not at all 105 27.63 113 30.62  
A little 185 48.68 185 50.14  
Quite a bit 65 17.11 50 13.55  
Very much 25 6.58 21 5.69 .487
Missing 5   16   
Positive consideration of life Q11 Not at all 22 5.80 18 4.90  
A little 132 34.83 131 35.69  
Quite a bit 167 44.06 181 49.32  
Very much 58 15.30 37 10.08 .142
Missing 6   18   
Usefulness Q12 Not at all 36 9.40 35 9.46  
A little 72 18.80 64 17.30  
Quite a bit 158 41.25 176 47.57  
Very much 117 30.55 95 25.68 .319
Missing 2   15   
Motivation to pursue leisure and usual activities Q13 Not at all 62 16.23 58 15.80  
A little 107 28.01 118 32.15  
Quite a bit 144 37.70 150 40.87  
Very much 69 18.06 41 11.17 .0540
Missing 3   18   
Tension, anger stress Q14 Not at all 87 22.66 71 19.09  
A little 127 33.07 160 43.01  
Quite a bit 113 29.43 106 28.49  
Very much 57 14.84 35 9.41 .0134
Missing 1   13   
Difficulty sleeping Q15 Not at all 128 33.51 134 36.02  
A little 95 24.87 106 28.49  
Quite a bit 88 23.04 72 19.35  
Very much 71 18.59 60 16.13 .374
Missing 3   13   
Tireness Q16 Not at all 50 13.05 43 11.59  
A little 152 39.69 165 44.47  
Quite a bit 113 29.50 117 31.54  
Very much 68 17.75 46 12.40 .159
Missing 2   14   
Enjoyement of daily activities Q17 Not at all 30 7.83 27 7.30  
A little 108 28.20 109 29.46  
Quite a bit 177 46.21 194 52.43  
Very much 68 17.75 40 10.81 .046
Missing 2   15   
Positive view of life Q18 Not at all 19 5.86 17 5.31  
A little 117 36.11 116 36.25  
Quite a bit 132 40.74 151 47.19  
Very much 56 17.28 36 11.25 .126
Missing 61   65   
Suicide ideation Q19 Not at all 354 92.43 351 94.86  
A little 26 6.79 15 4.05  
Quite a bit 2 0.52 3 0.81  
Very much 1 0.26 1 0.27 .359
Missing 2   15   
Cognitive impairment Difficulty concentrating Q20 Not at all 229 59.48 200 54.05  
A little 96 24.94 122 32.97  
Quite a bit 47 12.21 40 10.81  
Very much 13 3.38 8 2.16 .088
Missing 0   15   
Difficulty remembering Q21 Not at all 96 25.00 73 19.84  
A little 204 53.13 232 63.04  
Quite a bit 60 15.63 46 12.50  
Very much 24 6.25 17 4.62 .054
Missing 1   17   
Environmental Caregivers support Q22 No 46 12.57 36 10.32  
Yes 320 87.43 312 89.40  
Don’t know 0 0 1 0.29 .350
Missing 19   36   
Satisfaction of support Q23 Not at all 12 3.41 12 3.45  
A little 21 5.97 16 4.60  
Quite a bit 117 33.24 116 33.33  
Very much 202 57.39 204 58.62 .888
Missing 33   37   
Feeling if loneliness/abandonment Q24 Not at all 215 56.58 218 59.08  
A little 120 31.58 110 29.81  
Quite a bit 34 8.95 29 7.86  
Very much 11 2.89 12 3.25 .862
Missing 5   16   
Contact with other impaired patients Q25 Not at all 290 75.72 274 74.05  
A little 60 15.67 73 19.73  
Quite a bit 24 6.27 15 4.05  
Very much 9 2.35 8 2.16 .302
Missing 2   15   
Missing activities Q26 No 189 49.48 176 47.96  
Yes 193 50.52 188 51.23  
Don’t know 0 0 3 0.82 .257
Missing 3   18   
Envy of going out Q27 No 98 25.72 86 23.43  
Yes 278 72.97 278 75.75  
Don’t know 5 1.31 3 0.82 .589
Missing 4   18   
Satisfaction with mode of transportation Q28 No 39 10.18 32 8.67  
Yes 341 89.03 334 90.51  
Don’t know 3 0.78 3 0.81 .854
Missing 2   16   
Financial problems Q29 Not at all 219 57.48 200 54.20  
A little 109 28.61 120 32.52  
Quite a bit 30 7.87 28 7.59  
Very much 23 6.04 21 5.69 .715
Missing 4   16   
Sufficient financial resources Q30 Not at all 102 26.91 95 25.96  
A little 134 35.36 146 39.89  
Quite a bit 139 36.68 122 33.33  
Very much 4 1.06 3 0.82 .607
Missing 6   19   
Cultural Use of internet Q31 Not at all 350 91.62 338 91.60  
A little 16 4.19 14 3.79  
Quite a bit 6 1.57 4 1.08  
Very much 10 2.62 13 3.52 .821
Missing 3   16   
Participation in activities Q32 Not at all 266 69.82 248 67.39  
A little 57 14.96 64 17.39  
Quite a bit 56 14.70 54 14.67  
Very much 2 0.52 2 0.54 .855
Missing 4   17   
Sexual Troubled by signs of weakening Q33 Not at all 58 15.18 44 11.92  
A little 153 40.05 160 43.36  
Quite a bit 115 30.10 118 31.98  
Very much 56 14.66 47 12.74 .446
Missing 3   16   
Troubled by signs of aging Q34 Not at all 128 33.60 110 29.81  
A little 136 35.70 159 43.09  
Quite a bit 88 23.10 81 21.95  
Very much 29 7.61 19 5.15 .15
Missing 4   16   
Positive self-image Q35 Not at all 39 10.40 35 9.56  
A little 140 37.33 143 39.07  
Quite a bit 165 44.00 166 45.36  
Very much 31 8.27 22 6.01 .648
Missing 10   19   
Interest in sexual activity Q36 Not at all 326 86.70 311 85.21  
A little 39 10.37 43 11.78  
Quite a bit 9 2.39 10 2.74  
Very much 2 0.53 1 0.27 .856
Missing 9   20   
Burden of help Helping other relatives Q37 Not at all 257 67.10 254 68.65  
A little 49 12.79 54 14.59  
Quite a bit 31 8.09 22 5.95  
Very much 46 12.01 40 10.81 .583
Missing 2   15   
Responsible of other relatives Q38 Not at all 131 53.47 119 52.89  
A little 26 10.61 19 8.44  
Quite a bit 38 15.51 36 16.00  
Very much 50 20.41 51 22.67 .8230
Missing 140   160   
Difficulties with self-care Q39 Not at all 105 33.23 92 30.07  
A little 36 11.39 38 12.42  
Quite a bit 23 7.28 26 8.50  
Very much 13 4.11 11 3.59  
Don’t concern 139 43.99 139 45.42 .894
Missing 69   79   
Nutritional Problems with taste Q40 Not at all 336 87.73 326 88.35  
A little 28 7.31 27 7.32  
Quite a bit 10 2.61 9 2.44  
Very much 9 2.35 7 1.90 .977
Missing 2   16   
Lack of appetite Q41 Not at all 253 66.23 240 65.22  
A little 81 21.20 85 23.10  
Quite a bit 31 8.12 30 8.15  
Very much 17 4.45 13 3.53 .871
Missing 3   17   
Reduced food intake Q42 Not at all 221 58.01 210 56.91  
A little 110 28.87 121 32.79  
Quite a bit 36 9.45 25 6.78  
Very much 14 3.67 13 3.52 .453
Missing 4   16   
Weight loss Q43 Not at all 258 67.36 253 68.38  
A little 80 20.89 81 21.89  
Quite a bit 24 6.27 21 5.68  
Very much 21 5.48 15 4.05 .797
Missing 2   15   
Number of dental consultations Q44 0 230 60.05 234 63.24  
1 99 25.85 89 24.05  
More than 1 53 13.84 46 12.43  
Don’t know 1 0.26 1 0.27 .832
Missing 2   15   
Frequent dental pain Q45 No 334 87.43 337 91.08  
Yes 48 12.57 33 8.92 .126
Missing 3   15   
Capable to eat on its own Q46 No 11 2.88 8 2.17  
Yes 371 97.12 360 97.83 .644
Missing 3   17   
Denture Q47 No 105 27.49 99 26.76  
Yes 277 72.51 271 73.24 .870
Missing 3   15   
Neurosensory Deterioration in vision Q48 Not at all 133 34.73 124 33.60  
A little 126 32.90 138 37.40  
Quite a bit 68 17.75 64 17.34  
Very much 56 14.62 43 11.65 .489
Missing 2   16   
Need of glasses Q49 No 310 81.15 310 84.01  
Yes 72 18.85 58 15.72  
Don’t know 0 0 1 0.27 .289
Missing 3   16   
Hearing discomfort Q50 Not at all 183 47.78 181 48.92  
A little 110 28.72 108 29.19  
Quite a bit 54 14.10 56 15.14  
Very much 36 9.40 25 6.76 .613
Missing 2   15   
Hearing aid Q51 No 332 87.14 321 87.23  
Yes 49 12.86 47 12.77 1
Missing 4   17   
Suitable hearing aid Q52 No 15 25.42 15 24.59  
Yes 38 64.41 41 67.21  
Don’t know 6 10.17 5 8.20 .959
Missing 326   324   
Hearing impairment Q53 No 218 62.11 212 63.28  
Yes 128 36.47 121 36.12  
Don’t know 5 1.42 2 0.60 .616
Missing 34   50   
Mobility Falls Q54 0 261 68.32 249 68.03  
1 69 18.06 67 18.31  
More than 1 52 13.61 49 13.39  
Don’t know 0 0 1 0.27 .977
Missing 3   19   
Physical difficulties Q55 Not at all 43 11.32 35 9.54  
A little 71 18.68 59 16.08  
Quite a bit 110 28.95 124 33.79  
Very much 156 41.05 149 40.60 .442
Missing 5   18   
Walking speed Q56 > = 1 m/s 126 34.24 121 34.97  
0.65 < 1 m/s 112 30.43 111 32.08  
<0.65 m/s 130 35.33 114 32.95 .790
Missing 17   39   
Using toilet on its own Q57 No 36 9.45 37 10.11  
Yes 345 90.55 329 89.89 .806
Missing 4   19   
Need help going toilet Q58 No 74 66.67 62 58.49  
Yes 37 33.33 44 41.51 .261
Missing 274   279   
Difficulties shopping on its own Q59 No 125 32.98 107 29.32  
Yes 254 67.02 257 70.41  
Don’t know 0 0 1 0.27 .304
Missing 6   20   
Need help shopping Q60 No 46 16.25 50 17.73  
Yes 237 83.75 232 82.27 .656
Missing 102   103   
Doing cleaning on its own Q61 No 311 81.84 311 84.74  
Yes 69 18.16 54 14.71  
Don’t know 0 0 2 0.54 .147
Missing 5   18   
Need help cleaning Q62 No 23 6.73 25 7.51  
Yes 319 93.27 308 92.49 .765
Missing 43   52   
Section for examiner Global health status Q63 Mean ± SD 6.3 ± 1.7 6.5 ± 3.9 .360
  4   17   
Health status compared to people of the same age group Q64 Mean ± SD 6.3 ± 1.8 6.3 ± 1.7 1
Missing 4   19   
Risk of deterioration Q65 Mean ± SD 5.8 ± 1.9 5.9 ± 1.8 .461
Missing 5   18