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Table 2 The FRAGIRE pre-specified grid for dimension scores on day 0

From: Development and validation of the FRAGIRE tool for assessment an older person’s risk for frailty

Dimension Measure Questionnaire Item   Total Non-financially helped group Financially helped group P-value
N = 385 N = 47 N = 338
N % N % N %
General health status Health status Q1 Mean ± SD 5.7 ± 1.61 6.6 ± 1.8 5.5 ± 1.5 < .0001
Missing 6   0   6  
Health status compared to people of the same age group Q2 Mean ± SD 5.7 ± 1.8   6.8 ± 2.0   5.5 ± 1.7   < .0001
Missing 21   3   18  
More than 5 medication per day Q3 No 165 42.97 27 57.45 138 40.95  
Yes 218 56.77 20 42.55 198 58.75  
Don’t know 1 0.26 0   1 0.30 .088
Missing 1   0   1   
Number of hospitalizations within the last 6 months Q4 0 275 72.37 36 76.60 239 71.77  
1 - 2 93 24.47 9 19.15 84 25.23  
More than 2 12 3.16 2 4.26 10 3.00 .619
Missing 5     5   
Psychological General well-being Q5 Mean ± SD 5.9 ± 1.8 7.0 ± 1.7 5.7 ± 1.8 < .0001
Missing 4   0   4  
Spirit Q6 Mean ± SD 5.9 ± 2.2 7.1 ± 1.8 5.8 ± 2.2 < .0001
Missing 4   0   4  
Unhappiness and depression Q7 Not at all 160 41.67 23 48.94 137 40.65  
A little 157 40.89 21 44.68 136 40.36  
Quite a bit 49 12.76 2 4.26 47 13.95  
Very much 18 4.69 1 2.13 17 5.04 .199
Missing 1   0   1   
Happiness Q8 Not at all 24 6.32 2 4.26 22 6.61  
A little 109 28.68 6 12.77 103 30.93  
Quite a bit 210 55.26 33 70.21 177 53.15  
Very much 37 9.74 6 12.77 31 9.31 .036
Missing 5     5   
Life satisfaction Q9 Not very 160 41.99 24 51.06 136 40.72  
Little 94 24.67 9 19.15 85 25.45  
Pretty 102 26.77 13 27.66 89 26.65  
Very much 25 6.56 1 2.13 24 7.19 .343
Missing 4     4   
Discouragement and sadness Q10 Not at all 105 27.63 20 42.55 85 25.53  
A little 185 48.68 20 42.55 165 49.55  
Quite a bit 65 17.11 6 12.77 59 17.72  
Very much 25 6.58 1 2.13 24 7.21 .074
Missing 5     5   
Positive consideration of life Q11 Not at all 22 5.80 1 2.13 21 6.33  
A little 132 34.83 12 25.53 120 36.14  
Quite a bit 167 44.06 23 48.94 144 43.37  
Very much 58 15.30 11 23.40 47 14.16 .160
Missing 6     6   
Usefulness Q12 Not at all 36 9.40 2 4.26 34 10.12  
A little 72 18.80 11 23.40 61 18.15  
Quite a bit 158 41.25 19 40.43 139 41.37  
Very much 117 30.55 15 31.91 102 30.36 .541
Missing 2     2   
Motivation to pursue leisure and usual activities Q13 Not at all 62 16.23 4 8.51 58 17.31  
A little 107 28.01 9 19.15 98 29.25  
Quite a bit 144 37.70 21 44.68 123 36.72  
Very much 69 18.06 13 27.66 56 16.72 .075
Missing 3     3   
Tension, anger, stress Q14 Not at all 87 22.66 9 19.15 78 23.15  
A little 127 33.07 18 38.30 109 32.34  
Quite a bit 113 29.43 17 36.17 96 28.49  
Very much 57 14.84 3 6.38 54 16.02 .246
Missing 1     1   
Difficulty sleeping Q15 Not at all 128 33.51 23 48.94 105 31.34  
A little 95 24.87 7 14.89 88 26.27  
Quite a bit 88 23.04 10 21.28 78 23.28  
Very much 71 18.59 7 14.89 64 19.10 .093
Missing 3     3   
Tiredness Q16 Not at all 50 13.05 14 29.79 36 10.71  
A little 152 39.69 16 34.04 136 40.48  
Quite a bit 113 29.50 13 27.66 100 29.76  
Very much 68 17.75 4 8.51 64 19.05 .002
Missing 2     2   
Enjoyment of daily activities Q17 Not at all 30 7.83 4 8.51 26 7.74  
A little 108 28.20 7 14.89 101 30.06  
Quite a bit 177 46.21 23 48.94 154 45.83  
Very much 68 17.75 13 27.66 55 16.37 .092
Missing 2     2   
Positive view of life Q18 Not at all 19 5.86    19 6.74  
A little 117 36.11 9 21.43 108 38.30  
Quite a bit 132 40.74 18 42.86 114 40.43  
Very much 56 17.28 15 35.71 41 14.54 .002
Missing 61   5   56   
Suicide ideation Q19 Not at all 354 92.43 46 97.87 308 91.67  
A little 26 6.79 1 2.13 25 7.44  
Quite a bit 2 0.52 0   2 0.60  
Very much 1 0.26 0   1 0.30 .479
Missing 2   0   2   
Cognitive impairment Difficulty concentrating Q20 Not at all 229 59.48 35 74.47 194 57.40  
A little 96 24.94 9 19.15 87 25.74  
Quite a bit 47 12.21 1 2.13 46 13.61  
Very much 13 3.38 2 4.26 11 3.25 .062
Missing 0   0   0   
Difficulty remembering Q21 Not at all 96 25.00 15 31.91 81 24.04  
A little 204 53.13 28 59.57 176 52.23  
Quite a bit 60 15.63 2 4.26 58 17.21  
Very much 24 6.25 2 4.26 22 6.53 .102
Missing 1     1   
Environmental Caregivers support Q22 No 46 12.57 8 17.78 38 11.84  
Yes 320 87.43 37 82.22 283 88.16 .334
Don’t know        
Missing 19   0   17   
Satisfaction of support Q23 Not at all 12 3.41 3 7.50 9 2.88  
A little 21 5.97 3 7.50 18 5.77  
Quite a bit 117 33.24 13 32.50 104 33.33  
Very much 202 57.39 21 52.50 181 58.01 .372
Missing 33   7   26   
Feeling of loneliness/abandonment Q24 Not at all 215 56.58 35 74.47 180 54.05  
A little 120 31.58 10 21.28 110 33.03  
Quite a bit 34 8.95 1 2.13 33 9.91  
Very much 11 2.89 1 2.13 10 3.00 .049
Missing 5     5   
Contact with other impaired patients Q25 Not at all 290 75.72 38 80.85 252 75.00  
A little 60 15.67 5 10.64 55 16.37  
Quite a bit 24 6.27 2 4.26 22 6.55  
Very much 9 2.35 2 4.26 7 2.08 .478
Missing 2     2   
Missing activities Q26 No 189 49.48 25 53.19 164 48.96  
Yes 193 50.52 22 46.81 171 51.04 .642
Don’t know        
Missing 3     3   
Envy of going out Q27 No 98 25.72 12 25.53 86 25.75  
Yes 278 72.97 35 74.47 243 72.75  
Don’t know 5 1.31 0   5 1.50 1
Missing 4     4   
Satisfaction with mode of transportation Q28 No 39 10.18 2 4.26 37 11.01  
Yes 341 89.03 45 95.74 296 88.10  
Don’t know 3 0.78 0   3 0.89 .347
Missing 2     2   
Financial problems Q29 Not at all 219 57.48 34 72.34 185 55.39  
A little 109 28.61 12 25.53 97 29.04  
Quite a bit 30 7.87 0   30 8.98  
Very much 23 6.04 1 2.13 22 6.59 .037
Missing 4     4   
Sufficient financial resources Q30 Not at all 102 26.91 5 10.64 97 29.22  
A little 134 35.36 13 27.66 121 36.45  
Quite a bit 139 36.68 28 59.57 111 33.43  
Very much 4 1.06 1 2.13 3 0.90 .001
Missing 6     6   
Cultural Use of internet Q31 Not at all 350 91.62 39 82.98 311 92.84  
A little 16 4.19 0   16 4.78  
Quite a bit 6 1.57 2 4.26 4 1.19  
Very much 10 2.62 6 12.77 4 1.19 .0002
Missing 3     3   
Participation in activities Q32 Not at all 266 69.82 33 70.21 233 69.76  
A little 57 14.96 5 10.64 52 15.57  
Quite a bit 56 14.70 9 19.15 47 14.07  
Very much 2 0.52 0   2 0.60 .634
Missing 4     4   
Sexual Troubled by signs of weakening Q33 Not at all 58 15.18 14 29.79 44 13.13  
A little 153 40.05 20 42.55 133 39.70  
Quite a bit 115 30.10 6 12.77 109 32.54  
Very much 56 14.66 7 14.89 49 14.63 .005
Missing 3     3   
Troubled by signs of aging Q34 Not at all 128 33.60 19 40.43 109 32.63  
A little 136 35.70 18 38.30 118 35.33  
Quite a bit 88 23.10 8 17.02 80 23.95  
Very much 29 7.61 2 4.26 27 8.08 .476
Missing 4     4   
Positive self-image Q35 Not at all 39 10.40 5 10.64 34 10.37  
A little 140 37.33 13 27.66 127 38.72  
Quite a bit 165 44.00 24 51.06 141 42.99  
Very much 31 8.27 5 10.64 26 7.93 .459
Missing 10     10   
Interest in sexual activity Q36 Not at all 326 86.70 36 78.26 290 87.88  
A little 39 10.37 9 19.57 30 9.09  
Quite a bit 9 2.39 1 2.17 8 2.42  
Very much 2 0.53 0   2 0.61 .149
Missing 9     8   
Burden of help Helping other relatives Q37 Not at all 257 67.10 24 51.06 233 69.35  
A little 49 12.79 11 23.40 38 11.31  
Quite a bit 31 8.09 4 8.51 27 8.04  
Very much 46 12.01 8 17.02 38 11.31 .048
Missing 2     2   
Responsible of other relatives Q38 Not at all 131 53.47 11 35.48 120 56.07  
A little 26 10.61 4 12.90 22 10.28  
Quite a bit 38 15.51 10 32.26 28 13.08  
Very much 50 20.41 6 19.35 44 20.56 .037
Missing 140   16   124   
Difficulty with self-care Q39 Not at all 105 33.23 15 40.54 90 32.26  
A little 36 11.39 9 24.32 27 9.68  
Quite a bit 23 7.28 2 5.41 21 7.53  
Very much 13 4.11 1 2.70 12 4.30  
Don’t concern 139 43.99 10 27.03 129 46.24 .046
Missing 69   10   59   
Nutritional Problems with taste Q40 Not at all 336 87.73 42 89.36 294 87.50  
A little 28 7.31 3 6.38 25 7.44  
Quite a bit 10 2.61 0   10 2.98  
Very much 9 2.35 2 4.26 7 2.08 .534
Missing 2     2   
Lack of appetite Q41 Not at all 253 66.23 33 71.74 220 65.48  
A little 81 21.20 9 19.57 72 21.43  
Quite a bit 31 8.12 3 6.52 28 8.33  
Very much 17 4.45 1 2.17 16 4.76 .901
Missing 3   1   2   
Reduced food intake Q42 Not at all 221 58.01 25 54.35 196 58.51  
A little 110 28.87 14 30.43 96 28.66  
Quite a bit 36 9.45 5 10.87 31 9.25  
Very much 14 3.67 2 4.35 12 3.58 .862
Missing 4   1   3   
Weight loss Q43 Not at all 258 67.36 38 80.85 220 65.48  
A little 80 20.89 4 8.51 76 22.62  
Quite a bit 24 6.27 4 8.51 20 5.95  
Very much 21 5.48 1 2.13 20 5.95 .058
Missing 2     2   
Number of dental consultations Q44 0 230 60.05 18 38.30 212 63.10  
1 99 25.85 21 44.68 78 23.21  
More than 1 53 13.84 8 17.02 45 13.39  
Don’t know 1 0.26 0   1 0.30 .005
Missing 2     2   
Frequent dental pain Q45 No 334 87.43 41 87.23 293 87.46  
Yes 48 12.57 6 12.77 42 12.54 1
Missing 3     3   
Capable to eat on its own Q46 No 11 2.88 2 4.26 9 2.69  
Yes 371 97.12 45 95.74 326 97.31 .632
Missing 3     3   
Denture Q47 No 105 27.49 17 36.17 88 26.27  
Yes 277 72.51 30 63.83 247 73.73 .165
Missing 3     3   
Neurosensory Deterioration in vision Q48 Not at all 133 34.73 21 44.68 112 33.33  
A little 126 32.90 12 25.53 114 33.93  
Quite a bit 68 17.75 10 21.28 58 17.26  
Very much 56 14.62 4 8.51 52 15.48 .245
Missing 2     2   
Need of glasses Q49 No 310 81.15 36 76.60 274 81.79  
Yes 72 18.85 11 23.40 61 18.21 .426
Don't known        
Missing 3     3   
Hearing discomfort Q50 Not at all 183 47.78 24 51.06 159 47.32  
A little 110 28.72 13 27.66 97 28.87  
Quite a bit 54 14.10 6 12.77 48 14.29  
Very much 36 9.40 4 8.51 32 9.52 .984
Missing 2     2   
Hearing aid Q51 No 332 87.14 38 82.61 294 87.76  
Yes 49 12.86 8 17.39 41 12.24 .347
Missing 4   1   3   
Suitable hearing aid Q52 No 15 25.42 3 30.00 12 24.49  
Yes 38 64.41 7 70.00 31 63.27  
Don’t know 6 10.17 0   6 12.24 .753
Missing 326   37   289   
Hearing impairment Q53 No 218 62.11 29 65.91 189 61.56  
Yes 128 36.47 15 34.09 113 36.81  
Don’t know 5 1.42 0   5 1.63 .867
Missing 34   3   31   
Mobility Falls Q54 0 261 68.32 38 80.85 223 66.57  
1 69 18.06 4 8.51 65 19.40  
More than 1 52 13.61 5 10.64 47 14.03 .117
Don’t know    0   0   
Missing 3     3   
Physical difficulties Q55 Not at all 43 11.32 10 21.28 33 9.91  
A little 71 18.68 11 23.40 60 18.02  
Quite a bit 110 28.95 15 31.91 95 28.53  
Very much 156 41.05 11 23.40 145 43.54 .023
Missing 5     5   
Walking speed Q56 > =1m/s 126 34.24 22 47.83 104 32.30  
Between 0.65 and < 1m/s 112 30.43 16 34.78 96 29.81  
<0.65m/s 130 35.33 8 17.39 122 37.89 .019
Missing 17   1   16   
Going to toilet on its own Q57 No 36 9.45    36 10.75  
Yes 345 90.55 46   299 89.25 .013
Missing 4   1   3   
Need help going to toilet Q58 No 74 66.67 15 93.75 59 62.11  
Yes 37 33.33 1 6.25 36 37.89 .019
Missing 274   31   243   
Difficulties shopping on its own Q59 No 125 32.98 28 60.87 97 29.13  
Yes 254 67.02 18 39.13 236 70.87 < .0001
Don’t know        
Missing 6   1   5   
Need help shopping Q60 No 46 16.25 13 44.83 33 12.99  
Yes 237 83.75 16 55.17 221 87.01 < .0001
Missing 102   18   84   
Doing cleaning on its own Q61 No 311 81.84 16 34.78 295 88.32  
Yes 69 18.16 30 65.22 39 11.68 < .0001
Don't know        
Missing 5   1   4   
Need help cleaning Q62 No 23 6.73 11 40.74 12 3.81  
Yes 319 93.27 16 59.26 303 96.19 < .0001
Missing 43   20   23   
Section for examiner Global health status Q63 Mean ± SD 6.3 ± 1.7 7.2 ± 1.9 6.1 ± 1.6 < .0001
Missing 4   0   4   
Health status compared to people of the same age group Q64 Mean ± SD 6.3 ± 1.8 7.3 ± 1.9 6.1 ± 1.7 < .0001
Missing 4   0   4   
Risk of deterioration Q65 Mean ± SD 5.8 ± 1.9 6.4 ± 1.9 5.8 ± 1.9 .025
Missing 5   0   5