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Table 1 Applicability of the existing tools for the assessment of muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance in research and clinical settings

From: Sarcopenia in daily practice: assessment and management

 

Applicable in research settings

Applicable in specialist clinical settings

Applicable in primary care settings

Assessment of muscle mass

DXA

+++

+++

+

Anthropometric measurements

+

++

++

CT-scan

+++

++

+

MRI

+++

++

+

BIA

++

++

+

Assessment of muscle strength

Handgrip strength

+++

+++

+++

Lower limb muscle strength

+++

++

+

Repeated chair stands test

+

+

++

Assessment of physical performance

Gait speed

+++

+++

+++

Timed Up and Go test

++

+

+

Balance test

+

+

+

6-min walk test

++

+

+

400 m walk test

++

+

+

Stair climb test

++

+

+

SPPB test

+++

++

+

  1. SPPB Short Physical Performance Battery
  2. Nb. The group has chosen to attribute to each tool +++ (best recommended tool) or ++ (best alternative tool) or + (less recommended tool) based on the availability and the costs of the tool, the required time for the examination and the availability of robust cut-off points