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Table 1 Baseline characteristics, frailty status, and study outcomes among long-stay home care recipients in Ontario

From: The prevalence and health consequences of frailty in a population-based older home care cohort: a comparison of different measures

Characteristics Long-stay home care recipients (N = 234,552)
Sociodemographic characteristics  
Age (years), mean ± SD 82.0 ± 7.42
Sex  
Male 83,125 (35.4 %)
Female 151,427 (64.6 %)
Rurality Index of Ontario  
Major Urban 156,807 (67.2 %)
Urban 52,881 (22.7 %)
Rural 23,540 (10.1 %)
Marital status  
Married 92,064 (39.3 %)
Never Married/Other 11,888 (5.1 %)
Widowed 115,176 (49.1 %)
Separated/Divorced 15,424 (6.6 %)
Primary caregiver  
No primary caregiver 5,181 (2.2 %)
Yes, does not live with client 110,884 (47.3 %)
Yes, lives with client 118,487 (50.5 %)
Caregiver is distressed 54,620 (23.3 %)
Total weekday hours of caregiver support during past week, mean ± SD 11.68 ± 14.06
Total weekend hours of caregiver support during past week, mean ± SD 4.98 ± 5.73
Average hours of caregiver support per day, mean ± SD 2.38 ± 2.78
Comorbidity  
Number of ADG comorbidity categories  
0–5 32,719 (13.9 %)
6–9 71,578 (30.5 %)
10+ 130,255 (55.5 %)
Health care utilization  
Acute care hospitalization in year prior to index date 106,956 (45.6 %)
Acute care hospitalization with ALC stay in year prior to index date 25,870 (11.0 %)
Emergency department visit in year prior to index date 160,770 (68.5 %)
Number of unique prescription medications overlapping index date, mean ± SD 6.05 ± 3.83
Unique prescription medications overlapping index date  
0–5 111,120 (47.4 %)
6–9 81,204 (34.6 %)
10+ 42,228 (18.0 %)
Frailty status  
Full Frailty Index [FI]  
Robust 108,676 (46.3 %)
Pre-Frail 80,155 (34.2 %)
Frail 45,721 (19.5 %)
Modified Frailty Index [FI]  
Robust 95,209 (40.6 %)
Pre-Frail 82,107 (35.0 %)
Frail 57,236 (24.4 %)
CHESS Scale  
 Robust 55,241 (23.6 %)
Pre-Frail 75,763 (32.3 %)
Frail 103,548 (44.1 %)
Outcomes a one year following index date  
Death 41,044 (17.5 %)
LTC admission 40,144 (17.1 %)
Hospitalization 98,385 (42.0 %)
Hospitalization with ALC stay 31,621 (13.5 %)
  1. ALC Alternative Level of Care, CHESS Changes in Health, End-stage disease and Signs and Symptoms; LTC Long-Term Care
  2. a - Outcome categories are not mutually exclusive