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Table 5 Subgroups of analgesics - descriptive statistics

From: Pain treatment for nursing home residents differs according to cognitive state – a cross-sectional study

Subgroup of analgesicsa
  all CUSb CI-Vc CI-NVd
weak cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors (Metamizol, Paracetamol) PP and PRN 80.1 % 79.7 % 78.9 % 83.7 %
PP 32.3 % 31.2 % 35.7 % 30.4 %
PRN 82.6 % 81.4 % 81.1 % 90.2 %
Topical analgesics PP and PRN 40.5 % 43.0 % 38.9 % 32.7 %
PP 47.5 % 49.3 % 48.2 % 34.8 %
PRN 15.7 % 15.7 % 23.2 % 22.0 %
Opioids PP and PRN 39.9 % 41.1 % 42.2 % 30.6 %
PP 50.2 % 50.0 % 50.0 % 52.2 %
PRN 21.6 % 20.9 % 27.2 % 14.6 %
NSAIDs PP and PRN 36.7 % 44.4 %* 28.9 %* 18.4 %*
PP 26.7 % 30.4 % 23.2 % 13.0 %
PRN 29.3 % 35.5 %* 20.3 %* 19.5 %
  1. aPercentages are based on residents who had at least one prescription of each subgroup (PP and PRN, PP, PRN); significant test results are marked with *(p < 0.05)
  2. b cognitively unimpaired/slightly impaired, c cognitively moderately to severely impaired, verbally communicating, d cognitively moderately to severely impaired, not verbally communicating