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Table 2 Prevalence of prescriptions of potentially inappropriate medications independent of diagnosis or condition for older adults (N = 523,811)

From: Prescription of potentially inappropriate medication in Korean older adults based on 2012 Beers Criteria: a cross-sectional population based study

Drug category   Male (n = 212,082) No (%)   Female (n = 311,729) No (%)   Total (n = 523,81) No (%)
Anticholinergics (excludes TCAsa) First-generation antihistamines 105,474 (49.73) 168,642 (54.10) 274,116 (52.33)
Cardiovascularb 34,748 (16.38) 13,499 (4.33) 48,247 (9.21)
Central nervous system 102,334 (48.25) 209,620 (67.24) 311,954 (59.55)
 Antipsychotics 2,979 (1.40) 4,943 (1.59) 7,922 (1.51)
 Tertiary TCAsc 11,876 (5.60) 23,220 (7.45) 35,096 (6.70)
 Barbiturates 1,043 (0.49) 1,811 (0.58) 2,854 (0.54)
 Benzodiazepines 71,452 (33.69) 151,334 (48.55) 222,786 (42.53)
 Nonbenzodiazepine hypnotics 14,984 (7.07) 28,312 (9.08) 43,296 (8.27)
Endocrine 6,100 (2.88) 9,128 (2.93) 15,228 (2.91)
Gastrointestinal 18,028 (8.50) 35,961 (11.54) 53,989 (10.31)
Pain 82,101 (38.71) 143,334 (45.98) 225,435 (43.04)
Skeletal muscle relaxants 18,495 (8.72) 36,266 (11.63) 54,761 (10.45)
  1. aTCAs, tricyclic antidepressants; bIncludes: alpha-agonist (reserpine >0.1 mg/d), alpha-blocker, antiarrhythmic drugs, and digoxin (>0.125 mg/d); cIncludes: doxepin >6 mg/d