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Table 2 Answer proportions and percentage participants scoring ‘impairment’a per GOHAI item for groups A and Bb

From: Validation of a Dutch version of the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI-NL) in care-dependent and care-independent older people

GOHAI item group never seldom sometimes often very often or always % impair-ment
1. Limit the kinds of food A 64.2 14.7 10.1 6.4 4.6 21.1
B 61.9 16.1 11.9 5.9 4.2 22.0
2. Trouble biting or chewing A 39.4 32.1 13.8 8.3 6.4 28.5
B 34.7 16.9 14.4 22.9 11 48.3
3. Able to swallow comfortably A 7.3 5.5 5.5 19.3 62.4 18.3
B 7.6 2.5 5.9 15.3 68.6 16.0
4. Unable to speak clearly A 70.6 18.3 7.3 0.9 2.8 11.0
B 77.1 5.9 11.9 2.5 2.5 16.9
5. Able to eat without discomfort A 6.4 10.1 7.3 24.8 51.4 23.8
B 2.5 8.5 15.3 28.0 45.8 26.3
6. Limit contact with people A 86.2 10.1 1.8 0.9 0.9 3.6
B 93.2 5.9 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.8
7. Pleased with look of teeth A 3.7 4.6 8.3 56.9 26.6 16.6
B 11 14.4 14.4 29.7 30.5 39.8
8. Used medication to relieve pain A 70.6 21.1 7.3 0.9 0.0 8.2
B 93.2 3.4 1.7 0.8 0.8 3.3
9. Worried about teeth, gums or dentures A 37.6 32.1 16.5 12.8 0.9 30.2
B 65.3 16.9 15.3 2.5 0.0 17.8
10. Self-conscious of teeth, gums or dentures A 67.9 21.1 9.2 0.0 1.8 11.0
B 84.7 9.3 5.9 0.0 0.0 5.9
11. Uncomfortable eating in front of others A 70.6 14.7 9.2 3.7 1.8 14.7
B 82.2 11.0 5.9 0.8 0.0 6.7
12. Sensitive to hot, cold or sweet foods A 47.7 32.1 15.6 3.7 0.9 20.2
B 68.6 9.3 13.6 7.6 0.8 22.0
  1. acombined answers ‘sometimes’,‘often’, and ‘very often or always’; reverse coded for items 3, 5, 7
  2. bGroup A: care-independent subjects, n = 109; Group B: care-dependent subjects, n = 118