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Table 5 Risk factors for falls and recurrent falls: stepwise logistics regression analysis, a fall in the follow up period and risk factors reported at baseline, non-fallers versus fallers and non-fallers versus recurrent fallers

From: Risk factors for falls in older adults in a South African Urban Community

  Non fallers versus Fallers Non fallers versus Recurrent Fallers
Factor OR 95 % CI P-value Factor OR 95 % CI P-value
History of previous fall History of previous fall
 No 1      No 1    
 Yes 2.28 1.49 3.48 <0.0001  Yes 8.66 3.69 20.29 <0.0001
Dizziness /vertigo Dizziness /vertigo
 No 1      No 1    
 Yes 1.87 1.19 2.93 0.007  Yes 2.46 1.14 5.33 0.022
Ethnic group Ethnic group
 Black African 1      Black African 1    
 Mixed ancestry 1.98 1.11 3.51 0.020  Mixed ancestry 5.19 1.28 21.15 0.021
 White 3.32 1.65 6.69 0.001  White 7.04 1.39 35.68 0.018
Cognitive score (SOMCT) 1.04 1.01 1.08 0.021 Cognitive score (SOMCT) 1.06 .99 1.14 0.068
      Marital status
       Married 1    
       Not married 2.87 1.16 7.11 0.023
      Timed Up and Go test (secs) 1.06 1.02 1.10 0.002
  1. SOMCT Short orientation Memory Concentration Test score (measure on a continuous scale), Secs seconds, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval. P-value: Wald test