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Table 2 Cardiovascular risk factors and comorbidity of the participants comparing patients with diabetes and without diabetes

From: Cognitive impairment and dependence of patients with diabetes older than 65 years old in an urban area (DERIVA study)

  Non Diabetic Diabetic P value
  n = 242 n = 69  
Clinical variables Mean/Median/n Mean/Median/n  
  SD/IQR/(%) SD/IQR/(%)  
Smoking, n (%) 19 (7.9) 5 (7.2) 1.000
Sedentary lifestyle, n (%) 61 (25.2) 27 (39.1) 0.033
Body mass index, (kg/m2) 27.5 ± 4.4 28.2 ± 4.9 0.255
Waist circumference (cm) 100 (91–108) 101 (94–110) 0.293
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 138 ± 20 138 ± 22 0.786
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 80 ± 13 76 ± 11 0.022
Mean blood pressure (mmHg) 99 ± 13 97 ± 13 0.185
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 207 ± 34 190 ± 37 0.002
LDL-cholesterol (mg/dL) 124 ± 29 115 ± 30 0.053
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dL) 60 ± 17 53 ± 14 0.005
Serum glucose (mg/dL) 94 (87–102) 121 (102–146) <0.01
Hypertension, n (%) 168 (69.4) 48 (69.6) 1.000
Hypercholesterolemia, n (%) 59 (24.4) 19 (27.5) 0.637
Depression/anxiety, n (%) 37 (15.3) 7 (10.1) 0.332
Cognitive impairment, n (%) 35 (14.5) 18 (26.1) 0.029
Cerebrovascular disease, n (%) 7 (2.9) 6 (8.7) 0.044
Charlson morbidity index adjusted for age 4 (3–5) 5 (4–6) <0.01
  1. Values are means ± standard deviations (SD) for normally distributed continuous data and number, medians (interquartile range (IQR)) for asymmetrically distributed continuous data and proportions for categorical data
  2. LDL low density lipoprotein, HDL high density lipoprotein