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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population (n = 407)

From: The longitudinal association of cognitive appraisals and coping strategies with physical functioning in older adults with joint pain and comorbidity: a cohort study

Gender: male, n (%) 153 (37.6)
Age, mean (SD) 76.8 (6.3)
Living arrangement: living together, n (%) 242 (59.5)
Highest education: n (%)  
  Primary 121 (29.7)
  Secondary 199 (48.9)
  College/university 87 (21.4)
Number of chronic diseases: ≥3, n (%) 197 (48.4)
Chronic diseases: top 3, n (%)  
 Chronic ischemic heart disease, heart failure 254 (62.4)
 Diabetes mellitus 152 (37.3)
 Chronic respiratory disease 113 (27.8)
Number of joint pain sites, (1–8), mean (SD) 4.0 (1.9)
Worst pain site: top 3, n (%)  
 Back 109 (27.2)
 Knee 73 (18.2)
 Hand/wrist 61 (15.2)
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