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Table 4 Gender- and age-specific univariate association between eating alone and depressive symptom in relation to living alone

From: Association between eating alone and depressive symptom in elders: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic N %a %b Depressive symptom (%) Pc
Male Both not aloned 3351 83.52   6.03 <0.001
  Eating alone onlye 205 5.11 5.76 10.24
  Living alone onlyf 89 2.22   3.37
  Both aloneg 367 9.15   11.17
Female Both not alone 3041 77.05   9.70 <0.001
  Eating alone only 210 5.32 6.46 16.67
  Living alone only 117 2.96   16.24
  Both alone 579 14.67   13.47
Aged 60–74 Both not alone 5303 84.60   7.49 <0.001
  Eating alone only 280 4.47 5.02 13.21
  Living alone only 153 2.43   9.87
  Both alone 533 8.50   10.88
Aged 75+ Both not alone 1089 64.40   9.18 0.011
  Eating alone only 135 7.98 11.03 14.07
  Living alone only 54 3.19   12.96
  Both alone 413 24.42   14.77
  1. aPercentage of participants in the entire sample
  2. bPercentage of participants in those who lived with others
  3. cThe P value was obtained by chi square test
  4. dBoth not alone: eating and living with others
  5. eEating alone only: eating alone but living with others
  6. fLiving alone only: living alone but eating with others
  7. gBoth alone: eating alone and living alone