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Table 1 Background data in 68 elderly nursing-home residents, assessed for signs and symptoms of infection with the Early Detection of Infection Scale (EDIS)

From: Nursing assistants: “He seems to be ill” – a reason for nurses to take action: validation of the Early Detection Scale of Infection (EDIS)

Variable n = 68
Age in years 84.5 ± 7.5
Male/female 23/45
BMIa 27 ± 4
ADL statusb 8 ± 2
Ear temperaturec 36,3 ± 0,4 °C
Rectal temperature 36,9 ±  0,3 °C
  n (%)
≥ 3 diagnosis 18 (26)
Dementia 49 (72)
Cognitive decline (MMSEd 0–19) 20 (29)
Cardio-vascular disease 41 (60)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 5 (7)
Stroke 25 (37)
Diabetes 16 (24)
Cancer 13 (19)
Autoimmune diseasee 8 (12)
Thyroid disease 21 (10)
Cortisone ≥ 5 mg per dag 4 (6)
Sedatives/tranquillizers 28 (41)
Sleeping pills 20 (29)
Anti-depressants 39 (57)
Paracetamol ≥ 3 g daily 22 (32)
Malnutrition 6 (9)
Pain (DOLOPLUS ≥ 5) 44 (65)
Vaccination influenza 55 (81)
Vaccination pneumocockiae 31 (46)
  1. The data are expressed as mean ± SD (age, BMI and ADL) or number of individuals
  2. aBody mass index
  3. bActivities of daily living
  4. cMean values and standard deviation was equal for ear temperature, irrespective if the left or right ear was used for measurement
  5. dMini mental state examination
  6. ee.g. rheumatoid arthritis, muscular rheumatism