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Table 4 Prevalence ratios of use of anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics (ASH) according to education, income, and occupation for sites in Canada, Latin America, and Albania

From: Social differences associated with the use of psychotropic drugs among men and women aged 65 to 74 years living in the community: the international mobility in aging study (IMIAS)

Socioeconomic variables Latin America (Natal + Manizales) Canada (Kingston + Saint-Hyacinthe) Albania (Tirana)
PR 95 % CI P-value PR 95 % CI P-value PR 95 % CI P-value
Education < Secondary 3.07 0.45–21.20 0.253 0.82 0.26–2.66 0.747 0.84 0.25–2.78 0.774
Secondary or higher Ref.    Ref.    Ref.   
Site 1 0.27 0.06–1.21 0.087 0.58 0.36–0.93 0.024    
Site 2 Ref.    Ref.      
Income Low/medium 0.40 0.13–1.22 0.109 1.14 0.67–1.94 0.634 0.43 0.20–0.94 0.034
High Ref.    Ref.    Ref.   
Site 1 0.33 0.07–1.54 0.159 0.62 0.38–1.01 0.055    
Site 2 Ref.    Ref.      
Occupation Manual 1.44 0.18–11.22 0.729 1.25 0.75–2.07 0.397 0.87 0.41–1.84 0.709
Non-manual Ref.    Ref.    Ref.   
Site 1 0.27 0.06–1.15 0.077 0.63 0.38–1.04 0.073    
Site 2 Ref.    Ref.      
  1. Controlled for site, age and sex, depression, and number of chronic illnesses, as well as comparison between grouped sites, if applicable
  2. In Latin America, site 1 = Manizales and site 2 = Natal; In Canada, site 1 = Kingston and site 2 = Saint-Hyacinthe