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Table 1 Participant and home characteristics (Baseline and 12 months)

From: Predictors of attendance to group exercise: a cohort study of older adults in long-term care facilities

  Residential homes (n = 25) Nursing homes (n = 9)
  Baseline (n = 326) 12 months (n = 230) Baseline (n = 102) 12 months (n = 72)
Age mean (sd) 88.3 (6.0) 88.6 (6.0) 87.0 (6.1) 89.0 (5.7)
Gender     
Male (%) 75 (23.0) 251 59 (25.7) 171 29 (28.4) 73 20 (27.8) 52
Female (%) (77.0) (74.3) (71.6) (72.2)
Cognitive function (MMSE, 0–30)     
Median (range) 19 (0–30) 18 (0–30) 14 (0–29) 13 (0–30)
No. of co-morbidities     
Median (range) 2 (0–6) Not available 3 (0–7) Not available
Depression (GDS-15)     
Median (range) 3 (0–13) 3 (0–13) 5 (0–13) 5 (0–12)
Missing (n) 17 27 15 13
Breakdown of scores:     
0–5 69% 76% 70% 61%
6–10 27% 20% 24% 36%
11-15 4% 4% 6% 3%
Lower limb function (SPPB, 0–12)     
Median total SPPB score (range) 1 (0–10) 1 (0–10) 0 (0–8) 0 (0–8)
Fear of falling     
Yes (%) 134 (41.1) 75 (32.6) 35 (34.3) 18 (25.0)
No (%) 170 (52.1) 118 (51.3) 53 (52.0) 38 (52.8)
Don’t know (%) 1 (0.3) 9 (3.9) 6 (5.9) 1 (1.4)
Missing (%) 21 (6.4) 28 (12.2) 8 (7.8) 15 (20.8)
Social engagement Initiates interaction with others     
Yes (%) 236 (72.4) 153 (66.5) 76 (74.5) 50 (69.4)
No (%) 76 (23.3) 71 (30.9) 26 (25.5) 22 (30.6)
Missing (%) 14 (4.3) 6 (2.6) 0 0
Pursues involvement in the life of the facility     
Yes (%) 225 (69.0) 133 (57.8) 66 (64.7) 46 (63.9)
No (%) 87 (26.7) 93 (40.4) 35 (34.3) 26 (36.1)
Missing (%) 14 (4.3) 4 (1.7) 1 (1.0) 0
Activity co-ordinator     
Yes (%) 17 (68.0) Not available 7 (77.8) Not available
No (%) 8 (32.0)   2 (22.2)  
Socio-economic status     
Fully self-funded (%) Social Services 169 (51.8) Not available 24 (23.5) Not available
funded (%) Partially funded by social 94 (28.8)   71 (69.6)  
services (%) 39 (12.0) 24   5 (4.9)  
Missing (%) (7.4)   2 (2.0)