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Table 4 Health indicators distribution and conditional probabilities per health profile *

From: Health status transitions in community-living elderly with complex care needs: a latent class approach

  Cog&Physic Impaired Cognitively Impaired Physically Impaired Relatively Healthy
  T0 T1 T2 T0 T1 T2 T0 T1 T2 T0 T1 T2
Cognition 68.7 58.8 74.2 85.8 71.1 89.2 7.8 2.5 12.1 13.9 6.6 2.4
Depression             
Moderate 43.5 25.9 28.1 24.7 43.8 18.3 45.3 30.3 26.0 32.2 24.1 26.4
Severe 35.7 45.6 46.8 8.3 12.8 12.9 25.1 38.9 38.2 9.9 9.8 19.3
Hypertension 24.7 25.7 33.0 13.8 17.3 17.5 32.9 34.9 45.6 27.8 26.1 41.1
Circulation 45.9 46.5 48.7 12.7 22.5 25.8 50.8 55.4 60.5 31.4 27.1 38.0
Stroke 37.1 36.6 39.4 11.5 23.4 23.1 21.1 20.4 17.4 11.1 14.4 21.8
Respiratory 26.7 33.2 27.9 9.0 10.9 5.5 35.7 30.4 38.9 19.0 19.1 21.3
Diabetes 20.9 21.4 19.1 15.7 9.3 6.9 20.2 18.0 19.3 18.2 22.1 25.6
Joint & Arthritis 46.4 52.6 47.9 19.2 24.3 33.6 71.9 72.7 79.5 40.1 38.8 58.4
Cancer 14.0 17.0 19.4 11.9 10.2 11.5 20.0 21.5 17.1 20.3 17.7 20.6
Bladder 24.3 24.9 19.3 11.8 1.5 6.4 43.6 50.3 42.6 36.8 28.8 33.2
Gastrointestinal 23.2 23.7 27.1 16.4 7.4 12.6 32.6 32.0 32.9 24.7 25.9 30.2
Sensory 48.4 44.7 56.4 23.2 24.7 21.7 18.7 16.1 15.1 14.0 11.9 15.6
Fx Limits (U) 84.4 95.3 92.9 12.8 22.9 8.0 78.6 86.9 94.2 28.6 20.1 50.3
Fx Limits (L) 98.4 99.1 100 47.3 62.8 58.7 94.3 96.6 92.6 47.4 33.4 59.1
ADL-Mobility             
None 0.0 0.0 1.6 32.3 17.8 25 11.4 20.5 0.0 77.6 74.3 56.7
1–2 activities 14.7 7.5 8.3 57.2 54.8 59.9 60.5 49.9 49.3 22.4 23.5 41.6
+2 activities 85.3 92.5 90.0 10.4 27.5 15.1 28.1 29.6 50.7 0.0 0.0 1.8
ADL-Personal care             
None 7.1 11.0 12.0 57.9 56.5 75.1 60.8 79.5 52.2 95.1 96.1 96.2
1–2 activities 21.7 20.4 10.8 31.4 28.4 18.9 33.7 17.7 38.0 4.9 3.9 3.8
+ 2 activities 71.2 68.5 77.2 10.7 15.1 6.0 5.5 2.8 9.8 0.0 0.0 0.0
IADL 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.7 0.0 18.3 27.8 36.3 11.7 84.8 74.7 79.9
0–2 activities             
3–4 activities 2.6 10.4 1.0 20.0 25.0 9.8 55.0 49.8 53.9 13.8 23.5 18.3
+4 activities 97.4 89.6 99.0 75.4 75.0 72.0 17.2 14.0 34.3 1.4 1.8 1.8
  1. * Entries represent profile-specific probabilities (λ) × 100 of reporting problems for the index health indicator.
  2. ADL refers to difficulty with activities of daily living; IADL refers to difficulty with instrumental activities of daily living; Fx limits U = functional limitations with upper limbs; L = lower limbs The upper and lower limbs distinction was made to capture variability in functional ability.