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Table 2 Number of Falls during the 4-year follow-up according to the Baseline Characteristics of the Study Population

From: Inappropriate medication use and risk of falls – A prospective study in a large community-dwelling elderly cohort

Variable n (%) No fall (n = 3670) One fall (n = 1291) ≥ 2 falls
(n = 1382)
crude p-value
Women 1922 (52) 833 (65) 987 (71) <.001
Age (years)     
   <75 2364 (64) 733 (57) 707 (51) <.001
   75–79 886 (24) 364 (28) 419 (30)  
   ≥80 420 (12) 194 (15) 256 (19)  
Living alone 1107 (30) 494 (38) 574 (41) <.001
Years of schooling     
   ≤5 1204 (33) 420 (33) 474 (34) .86
   6–9 1086 (30) 378 (29) 400 (29)  
   10–12 479 (13) 183 (14) 185 (14)  
   ≥13 901 (24) 308 (24) 322 (23)  
Body Mass Index     
   <25 1701 (46) 641 (50) 648 (48) .09
   25–29 1489 (41) 478 (37) 524 (38)  
   ≥30 464 (13) 166 (13) 196 (14)  
Depressive symptoms* 369 (10) 176 (14) 201 (15) <.001
MMSE ≥ 28† 2117 (58) 748 (58) 762 (55) .24
Impaired mobility‡ 1351 (37) 579 (46) 724 (53) <.001
Diurnal drowsiness 554 (16) 206 (17) 259 (21) .001
Number of drugs used ≥ 5 § 1140 (31) 459 (36) 573 (41) <.001
At least one inappropriate medication 1092 (30) 408 (32) 504 (36) <.001
  1. * Centre for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale: women scoring over 22 and men scoring over 16 were considered to have depressive symptoms.
  2. † Mini Mental State Examination score.
  3. ‡ Participants were classified as having impaired mobility if they were dependant for at least one activity of the Rosow and Breslau scale.
  4. §Inappropriate medications excluded
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