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Table 3 Characteristics associated with psychotropic medication prescription.

From: Psychotropic medication use among nursing home residents in Austria: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics AOR (95% CI)
n = 1690*, R2 = 0.056
p-value
Age
(Years, continuous variable; AOR per 1 year increase)
0.99 (0.98–1.00) 0.025
Male
(Reference: female)
0.71 (0.54–0.93) 0.013
Level of long-term care need ≥ 4
(Reference: 0–3)
1.70 (1.28–2.26) <0.001
Legal guardian designated
(Reference: no)
1.10 (0.86–1.41) 0.452
Fall during preceding 12 months
(Reference: no)
1.66 (1.26–2.18) <0.001
Permanent restlessness
(ordinal 1–2–3–4, reference: 1 = never; AOR per 1 unit increase)
1.52 (1.30–1.76) <0.001
Permanently handling things inappropriately
(ordinal 1–2–3–4, reference: 1 = never; AOR per 1 unit increase)
0.97 (0.83–1.14) 0.728
Permanent negative attitude
(ordinal 1–2–3–4, reference: 1 = never; AOR per 1 unit increase)
1.13 (0.98–1.30) 0.100
Permanent aggression
(ordinal 1–2–3–4, reference: 1 = never; AOR per 1 unit increase)
0.87 (0.71–1.06) 0.169
Cognitive impairment (cut-off ≥ 4)
(Reference score = 3)
0.70 (0.56–0.88) 0.002
  1. Values are cluster-adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval) and p-values.
  2. R2 = Pseudo R2 by McFadden (1974).
  3. AOR = adjusted odds ratio.
  4. * A total of 154 residents without psychotropic medication prescription were excluded because of missing values.