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Table 3 Risk factors for an emergency department visit not followed by hospitalization among a cohort of seniors receiving homecare services

From: Hospitalization and emergency department visits among seniors receiving homecare: a pilot study

Potential risk factor Seniors with an emergency department visit (n = 11) Seniors without an emergency department visit (n = 36) Odds Ratio (95% CI) P-value
Mean age in years (SD*) 76.98 (5.73) 78.00 (6.83) 0.98 (0.88, 1.09) 0.626
Male sex 6/11 16/36 1.50 (0.39, 5.83) 0.732
Diagnosed w/ pneumonia (in past 6 months) 2 /11 5/36 1.38 (0.23, 8.33) 0.659
Influenza vaccine in last year 10/11 30/36 2.00 (0.21, 18.69) 1.000
Pneumococcal vaccine 9/10 19/35 7.58 (0.87, 66.40) 0.064
Swallowing difficulties 1/11 6/36 0.50 (0.05, 4.67) 1.000
Smoke 0/11 3/36 0 1.000
Consume alcohol 3/11 22/36 0.24 (0.05, 1.06) 0.083
Congestive Heart Failure 3/11 2/36 6.38 (0.91, 44.71) 0.076
Cerebrovasucular disease 3/11 5/36 2.33 (0.46, 11.85) 0.367
Neoplastic disease 4/11 7/36 2.37 (0.54, 10.40) 0.256
Renal disease 2/11 1/36 7.78 (0.63, 95.68) 0.132
Liver disease 2/11 2/36 3.78 (0.47, 30.64) 0.229
Charlson score1, mean (SD*) 2.91 (2.02) 1.33 (1.76) 1.50 (1.04, 2.17) 0.034
Nutrition Score2, mean (SD*) 5.45 (2.73) 3.53 (2.22) 1.379 (1.032, 1.842) 0.051
Barthel score3, mean (SD*) 18.45 (1.97) 18.78 (2.02) 0.93 (0.67, 1.28) 0.642
  1. * SD: standard deviation
  2. 1Charlson Index: range 0 to 37
  3. 2Mini Nutritional Status Score: range 0 to 21
  4. 3Modified Barthel Index: range 0 to 20