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Table 2 Perceived health, quality of life, vitality and depression (mean [95% CI]) of elderly living in long-term care facilities (N = 173)

From: Effects of resistance and all-round, functional training on quality of life, vitality and depression of older adults living in long-term care facilities: a 'randomized' controlled trial [ISRCTN87177281]

  Strength training (n = 41) Functional training (n = 48) Combined training (n = 49) Control (n = 35)
  baseline 6 m change baseline 6 m change baseline 6 m change baseline 6 m change
perceived health (1–5)a 2.3 [2.0;2.6] -0.1 [-0.4;0.2] 2.1 [1.9;2.3] 0 [-0.2;0.3] 2.4 [2.1;2.6] -0.3 [-0.5;-0.1]* 2.4 [2.1;2.7] 0.1 [-0.2;0.5]
compared health (1–3)a 2.6 [2.4;2.8] -0.1 [-0.4;0.2] 2.4 [2.2;2.6] 0 [-0.1;0.3] 2.2 [2.0;2.5] 0 [-0.1;0.3] 2.5 [2.3;2.7] 0 [-0.2;0.3]
DqoL (1–5)b 3.6 [3.4;3.7] -0.1 [-0.2;-0]* 3.6 [3.5;3.7] -0.1 [-0.2;-0]* 3.6 [3.4;3.7] -0.1 [-0.2;-0]* 3.6 [3.4;3.7] 0 [-0.1;0.1]
- aesthetics 4.2 [3.9;4.4] -0.5 [-0.7;-0.3]* 4.1 [3.9;4.3] -0.4 [-0.6;-0.2]* 4.0 [3.8;4.2] -0.4 [-0.6;-0.2]* 4.1 [3.9;4.3] -0.2 [-0.5;0]
- belonging 3.7 [3.5;3.9] 0 [-0.2;0.1] 3.7 [3.5;3.9] 0 [-0.2;0.2] 3.7 [3.5;3.9] 0 [-0.2;0.2] 3.6 [3.3;3.9] 0.2 [-0;0.4]
- negative affect 2.7 [2.5;2.9] 0 [-0;0.2] 2.7 [2.5;2.8] 0 [-0.2;0] 2.6 [2.5;2.8] 0 [-0.2;0] 2.6 [2.4;2.8] 0 [-0;0.2]
- positive affect 3.7 [3.5;3.9] 0 [-0.2;0] 3.8 [3.6;4.0] -0.1 [-0.3;0] 3.8 [3.6;3.9] -0.2 [-0.3;-0]* 3.7 [3.5;3.9] 0 [-0.2;0.1]
- esteem 3.7 [3.5;3.9] 0 [-0.3;0.1] 3.8 [3.6;4.0] 0 [-0.2;0.1] 3.7 [3.6;3.9] 0.2 [-0.3;-0]* 3.8 [3.6;4.0] 0 [-0.2;0.1]
Vitality Plus Scale (10–50)c 36.4 [34.3;38.5] 0.6 [-0.9;2.0] 36.2 [34.5;37.9] 0.3 [-1.2;1.7] 35.8 [33.8;37.8] -1.8 [-3.3;-0.4]* 38.0 [35.6;40.3] -0.8 [-2.2;0.7]
GDS (0–30)d 6.0 [4.5;7.6] 0.3 [-0.5;1.1] 5.6 [4.3;6.8] -0.3 [-1.0;0.5] 6.1 [4.8;7.5] 0.3 [-0.8;1.4] 5.2 [4.0;6.4] 0.2 [-0.7;1.1]
  1. a higher scores indicate better health b higher scores indicate better QoL c higher scores indicate more vitality d higher scores indicate more depressive symptoms * p < 0.05, for within group change from baseline value