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Table 1 Comparison between cases and controls: demographic data, previous diseases and clinical data during admission

From: Use of neuroleptics in a general hospital

  Cases (n = 205) Controls (n = 200) Odds Ratio* (95% CI)
Mean age, y (SD) 80.0 ± 13.6 78.6 ± 7.1 1.01 (0.9–1.1)
% < 60 y 2 (1%) 2 (1%) 1.03 (0.1–10.2)
%>90 y 16 (4.3%) 9 (4.5%) 1.8 (0.7–4.5)
Females (%) 52% 49% 1.13 (0.6–2.1)
High blood pressure 71 (40%) 109 (53%) 0.7 (0.6–0.9)
Diabetes 35 (19.7%) 51 (24.6%) 0.8 (0.6–1.1)
Heart disease 78 (44%) 96 (46.6%) 0.9 (0.7–1.1)
Atrial fibrillation 42 (23.6%) 46 (22.5%) 1 (0.8–1.3)
Lung disease 63 (35%) 80 (38.8%) 0.9 (0.7–1.1)
Incontinent 80 (46%) 27 (13%) 2.2 (1.7–2.6)
Previous dementia 59 (33%) 15 (7.3%) 2.1 (1.7–2.4)
Fever 76 (41%) 55 (26%) 1.4 (1.1–1.7)
Surgery 49 (25.3%) 52 (24.6%) 1 (0.8–1.3)
Urinary catheter 81 (68.6%) 39 (30%) 2.3 (1.7–3.1)
Death during admission 30 (16%) 15 (7.1%) 1.4 (1.1–1.8)
  1. * chi-square test