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Table 2 The association between number of medications and the risk of fall injury

From: Medication and fall injury in the elderly population; do individual demographics, health status and lifestyle matter?

  Controls Cases    
Medications % (n) % (n) Crude OR (95% CI) ORs (95% CI) adjusted for age and sex ORs (95% CI) adjusted for age, sex and other risk factors* ORs (95%CI) adjusted for age, sex, other risk factors* and the use of FRIDs
All medications         
0 medication 40.7 (8318) 28.3 (130) 1.00 (REF) 1.00 (Ref) 1.00 (Ref)
1 medication 12.0 (2443) 7.4 (34) 0.91 (0.60-1.38) 0.95 (0.63-1.45) 1.26 (0.75-2.11) 1.40 (0.82-2.40)
2 medications 11.2 (2283) 11.7 (54) 1.63 (1.14-2.32) 1.44 (1.01-2.05) 1.74 (1.10-2.77) 2.06 (1.16-3.64)
3 medications 9.8 (1998) 9.6 (44) 1.58 (1.09-2.31) 1.34 (0.91-1.95) 1.50 (0.94-2.41) 1.83 (0.94-3.57)
4 medications 8.0 (1636) 9.8 (45) 1.82 (1.24-2.68) 1.45 (0.98-2.16) 1.74 (1.07-2.81) 2.14 (1.13-4.05)
≥5 medications 18.4 (3768) 33.3 (153) 2.58 (1.98-3.36) 1.79 (1.36-2.35) 1.53 (1.06-2.21) 1.92 (1.08-3.41)
  1. *Marital status, type of housing, sedentary behaviour, alcohol binge drinking, daily smoking, living alone, low participation in social activities, BMI, reduced mobility and poor mental health.
  2. Bold represent significant ORs at the p < .05 level.