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Table 6 Clinical and demographic conditions by cluster

From: Chronic disease and falls in community-dwelling Canadians over 65 years old: a population-based study exploring associations with number and pattern of chronic conditions

Cluster Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Rao-Scott X2(weighted & boot-strapped) P value
Label Low chronic disease Hypertension and arthritis Visual impairment Hypertension COPD Diabetes Heart disease and hypertension
Age (years)         148.3 < 0.0001
 65-74 62.6 46.9 49.3 56.4 52.3 58.5 46.0   
 75-84 27.5 37.7 37.9 33.9 35.7 33.4 39.4   
 85+ 9.9 15.4 12.8 9.7 12.0 8.1 14.3   
Sex         486.4 < 0.0001
 Male 53.4 13.6 41.9 42.6 46.7 54.6 58.3   
 Female 46.6 86.4 58.1 57.4 53.3 45.4 41.7   
Married         98.9 < 0.0001
 Yes 67.8 51.0 61.1 66.5 63.2 65.0 60.8   
 No 32.2 49.0 38.9 33.5 36.8 35.0 39.2   
Living arrangement         63.3 < 0.0001
 Alone 27.0 37.2 32.2 26.9 30.8 25.9 30.0   
 With others 68.2 55.5 62.1 67.1 64.4 65.9 64.0   
 Other 4.8 7.2 5.7 6.0 4.8 8.2 6.0   
Geographic setting         15.8 0.015
 Urban 78.7 82.2 80.4 77.9 76.0 77.9 74.6   
 Rural 21.3 17.8 19.6 22.1 24.0 22.1 25.4   
Current mobility status         210.6 < 0.0001
 Walks independently 92.5 81.2 89.9 89.1 78.4 83.2 85.1   
 Walks with aid or support 7.1 18.1 9.6 10.3 19.6 15.1 14.5   
 Cannot walk 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.6 2.0 1.7 0.4   
Current ADL impairment status         153.2 < 0.0001
 None 84.0 67.9 77.8 79.1 68.0 74.8 74.1   
 Mild/Moderate 14.3 29.4 20.0 18.5 26.6 21.9 23.8   
 Severe/Total 1.7 3.7 2.2 2.4 5.4 3.2 2.1   
Current number of medications         408.8 < 0.0001
 <4 94.4 80.5 85.7 88.0 69.3 80.1 70.1   
 > = 4 5.6 19.5 14.3 12.0 30.7 19.9 29.9   
Fear of falling         191.1 < 0.0001
 Yes 24.8 48.3 37.6 31.4 39.6 36.6 33.9   
 No 75.2 51.7 62.4 68.6 60.4 63.4 66.1   
Psychotropic medications         75.9 < 0.0001
 Yes 14.2 25.4 23.8 17.6 28.0 19.6 22.3   
 No 85.8 74.6 76.2 82.4 72.0 82.4 77.7   
Vitamin D supplementation         7.8 0.0052
 Yes 35.5 63.5 40.4 39.0 38.1 31.6 30.0   
 No 64.5 36.5 59.6 61.0 61.9 68.4 70.0   
  1. ADL = Activities of daily living.